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Streptococcus


Presentation

  • A 28-day-old male infant from Japan presented with fever, lethargy, and irritability. S. bovis was isolated from blood and the cerebrospinal fluid culture and was then identified as S. gallolyticus subsp. pasteurianus.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Spondylodiskitis was the presenting symptom of 2/11 (18%) patients with S. gordonii endocarditis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • A 38-year-old man presented with chief complaints of headache, left ear discharge, and nasal congestion. Imaging studies revealed pansinusitis, soft tissue signs in the mastoid cells, and otitis media.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The microorganism is a very rare cause of endocarditis and its presentation with multiple liver abscesses is highly unusual.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • CASE PRESENTATION: We report the case of a healthy 20-year-old Japanese woman who experienced a fever and continuous pain for several days.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Ejection Murmur
  • Three days later, a new systolic ejection murmur was heard and echocardiography showed mitral regurgitation with mitral valve vegetation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Shoulder Pain
  • A 70-year-old Japanese woman with a 15-year history of Parkinson's disease was referred to our hospital due to fever, occipital headache and bilateral shoulder pain that had continued for three months.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Night Sweats
Ear Discharge
  • A 38-year-old man presented with chief complaints of headache, left ear discharge, and nasal congestion. Imaging studies revealed pansinusitis, soft tissue signs in the mastoid cells, and otitis media.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Corneal Opacity
  • CASE PRESENTATION: A 74-year-old woman, who had a past history of infection with leprosy, presented with conjunctival hyperaemia, pain, and corneal opacity in her right eye.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Neck Swelling
  • Abstract A 59-year-old man presented to the emergency department with complaints of dysphagia, right-sided neck swelling, fever and chills. Physical examination was remarkable for fever and tender swelling over the right side of the neck.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Workup

  • No other focus of infection was identified on imaging workup suggesting primary infection of the pericardium. His clinical course was complicated by development of constrictive pericarditis for which he underwent surgical pericardiectomy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Neonatal sepsis workups in infants / 2000 grams at birth: a population based study. Pediatrics 2000; 106: 256–63.[web.archive.org]
Atelectasis
  • Forty-eight hours post CTPE scan, CT scan of the chest, abdomen and pelvis displayed right lower lobe consolidation and left-sided pleural effusion with superimposed compressive atelectasis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Pericardial Effusion
  • He was found to have large pericardial effusion with cardiac tamponade. An urgent pericardiocentesis was done with drainage of 550 ml of purulent material.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Multiple Pulmonary Nodules
  • CT scan of the chest with pulmonary emboli protocol showed multiple pulmonary nodules and nodular pleural thickening at left posterior lateral pleura.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Treatment

  • The most frequently antimicrobials used for treatment were ceftriaxone levofloxacin. Ten patients cured with a combination of medical and surgical treatment and 2 patients died as a consequence of infection.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Following a 42-day high-dose penicillin treatment (24 M IU/day, via a continuous drip), the patient made a good recovery. In vitro inhibitory and bactericidal test results were not a valid predictor of medical treatment failure.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The patient underwent various surgeries, including vitrectomy, mediastinal lavage, mitral valve replacements, joint lavages, as well as an intensive antibiotic treatment.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The patient was treated with ceftriaxone and ampicillin for 24 days; the treatment was deemed successful based on negative blood cultures on day 4. However, the patient experienced hearing loss and a vestibular nerve disorder.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Prognosis

  • In this aging society, invasive infections with SDSE should be much more recognized among medical practitioners in order to improve patient prognosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • CONCLUSIONS: Our review of the literature revealed that group A streptococcus pyomyositis typically occurs in temperate climates, among young adults without any underlying disease, and is associated with a poorer prognosis, compared to general pyomyositis[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Our goal was to uncover different bacterial communities in pathological staging grouping of ESCC and to identify microorganisms that could predict the likelihood of prognosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • From Source: iStock What is the prognosis for pinkeye? Most uncomplicated cases of pinkeye heal completely without long-term complications. Pinkeye that is related to underlying diseases may recur over time.[medicinenet.com]

Etiology

  • This small series supports recognition of group G Streptococcus in the etiology of STSS. We propose intravenous immunoglobulin be used in treatment as it is for STSS caused by group A Streptococcus.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain revealed a focal ring enhancing lesion in right posterior parietal lobe, suggestive of infective etiology.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Abstract Group B Streptococcus is the leading etiologic factor of neonatal sepsis. Intrapartum real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) may allow faster and more accurate detection of maternal colonization.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • […] associated with streptococcal infections PSGN : poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis STSS : streptococcal toxic shock syndrome Education Gaps Clinical prediction rules for group A Streptococcus pharyngitis are unreliable in children, and unless viral etiology[pedsinreview.aappublications.org]
  • […] pyogenes , but all beta hemolytic streptococci and a few non - beta hemolytic streptococci ( S. dysgalactiae ) Lancefield Group A Streptococci (GAS) S. pyogenes Lancefield Group B Streptococci (GBS) S. agalactiae "pneumococcus" Streptococcus pneumoniae Etiology[pathologyoutlines.com]

Epidemiology

  • Here, we illustrate their epidemiological risk factors, clinical presentation and resulting sequelae of both patients.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Topics discussed included: (1) gaps in current knowledge of global GAS epidemiology, burden of disease, and molecular epidemiology; (2) contribution of pre-clinical models to candidate vaccine evaluation and new immunological assays to address GAS immunology[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Here, we illustrated the epidemiological risk factors, clinical manifestations and outcomes of the patient.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • More investigations are needed to improve the epidemiology and the pathogenesis of S. suis in human infection. Published by Elsevier Ltd. KEYWORDS: Italy; STSS; Streptococcus suis; Virulence factors; tet (40); tet (O/W/32/O)[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • We review our 2-decade experience with S. gordonii bacteremia to describe the clinical and epidemiological characteristics of these patients.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Prevention

  • Strategies for prevention of invasive GAS disease, although limited, include infection-control measures and prevention of secondary cases among postpartum and postsurgical patients [ 11 ].[doi.org]
  • Streptococcal Species is increasingly recognized as a potentially preventable emerging infection in human's brain with high prevalence around the world. Streptococcus constellatus is one of the most common pathogens.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The objective of this is to prevent re‐establishment of non‐desirable bacterial populations and thus help limit the re‐occurrence of oral malodour over a prolonged period.[doi.org]
  • CONCLUSION: The terpenoid extracted from M. pendans has the potential to be developed into an antibacterial agent particularly for preventing the formation of biofilms.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • "Adoption of perinatal group B streptococcal disease prevention recommendations by prenatal-care providers—Connecticut and Minnesota, 1998". MMWR Morb. Mortal. Wkly. Rep. 49 (11): 228–32. PMID 10763673.[en.wikipedia.org]

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