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Streptococcus Bovis

Streptococcus Equinus


Presentation

  • The patient recovered and was discharged from hospital two weeks after presentation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Only 28% of the patients with available records presented with endocarditis and 7% presented with colon carcinoma, whereas 37% of the patients had altered liver parenchyma and 28% had gall bladder disease as underlying diseases.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • We report a 77-year-old male who presented with with Streptococcus bovis bacteremia in the setting of acute cholecystitis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The first patient presented with gastrointestinal symptoms of unknown etiology, was immunosuppressed, and recovered. The second patient presented with syncope, developed a subdural empyema, and died; at autopsy, a colonic adenoma was found.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Presentation was subacute in 7/9 (71%). Fever was present in 7/9 (77.7%), embolic lesions to solid organs occurred in three, and perivalvular abscess in two patients.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Fishing
  • METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis of patients with Sb bacteraemia, pulled out from a prospective surveillance protocol of bacteraemia cases, in three areas of Spain (1990-2013): a cattle area (Lugo), a fishing area (Ferrol) and an urban area ([ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The fish isolates classified as Streptococcus difficilis corrig. could represent a distinct marine variant of Streptococcus agalactiae.[bacterio.net]
Down Syndrome
  • Here we report a rare pathogen - Streptococcus bovis - causing meningitis in a premature neonate with Down syndrome.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Recurrent Infection
  • Occult colon tumor may have played an important role in our case, with recurrent infection arising from colonizers of the gastrointestinal tract.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Nasal Discharge
  • CASE REPORT A 5-week-old white female with no previous significant medical problems presented with a 14-h history of mild nasal discharge, slight cough, and inconsolable disposition.[jcm.asm.org]
Cough
  • CASE REPORT A 5-week-old white female with no previous significant medical problems presented with a 14-h history of mild nasal discharge, slight cough, and inconsolable disposition.[jcm.asm.org]
Hip Pain
  • Acute hip pain in patients with hip endoprostheses and simultaneous bowel malignancy should be evaluated promptly for hematogenous infection by standard radiograph, complete blood count, C-reactive protein, sedimentation rate, and hip aspiration.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Hemianopsia
  • This is the first case reported in which the presence of hemianopsia preceded the endocarditis diagnosis. Initially, the clinical manifestations suggested a systemic vasculitis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Altered Mental Status
  • Presenting illnesses in these patients were gastrointestinal bleed (4), sepsis (4), cholangitis (3), hepatic encephalopathy (2), altered mental status (2), spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (1), septic abortion (1), diarrhea (1), others (3).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Workup

  • As an association between S bovis and gastrointestinal malignancies is suggested, a workup for such malignancies was performed that revealed non-malignant ulcers in patient's ascending colon.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • A sepsis workup was initiated, and a lumbar puncture was performed. Cerebrospinal fluid was found to be somewhat turbid, with 1,391 leukocytes/mm 3 and 250 erythrocytes/mm 3.[jcm.asm.org]
  • The initial blood workup revealed hemoglobin of 12.4g/dL, white cell count of 9.28x109/L, platelets of 159 x109/L, C reactive protein of 10.2mg/dL and a sedimentation rate of 45mm. Blood cultures were collected.[omicsonline.org]

Treatment

  • The clinical response to initial treatment was favourable in all cases.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Antibiotic treatment is effective with low morbidity and mortality.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • During the treatment the patient was found to have colonic malignant lesions. The problems in the appropriate diagnosis and the possible correlation between these two clinical entities are presented and discussed.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The patient was discharged after 6 weeks of antibiotic treatment.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Since invasive Streptococcus bovis infection is associated with gastrointestinal pathology (Streptococcus bovis biotype I) and chronic liver diseases (Streptococcus bovis biotype II), identifying the biotype of Streptococcus bovis could guide treatment[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Prognosis

  • Our aim is to analyze the current clinical profile and prognosis of S bovis IE episodes, in comparison to those episodes caused by viridans group streptococci and enterococci.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • .- Powe NR, Jaar B, Furth SL, Hermann J, Briggs W: Septicemia in dialysis patients: incidence, risk factors, and prognosis. Kidney Int. 1999; 55(3): 1081-90. [Pubmed] [2] 3.-Reuter G.: Culture media for enterococci and group D-streptococci.[revistanefrologia.com]
  • Endocarditis due to penicillin susceptible viridans streptococci and Streptococcus bovis (Minimum Inhibitory …Streptococcal Infections – Etiology, pathophysiology, symptoms, signs, diagnosis & prognosis from the Merck Manuals – Medical Professional Version.Autoimmune[scclebanon.com]
  • The onset of the disease may be atypical, with unusual complications such as diskitis that may delay the diagnosis and worsen the prognosis.[academic.oup.com]

Etiology

  • Moreover, the etiological versus non-etiological nature of this associationis not settled yet.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • We present a case of bacteremia and septic arthritis due to Streptococcus bovis biotype I after shock, in a patient with liver cirrhosis of enolic etiology. Diagnosis was made based on a clinical setting of fever and a painful shoulder.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Streptococcus bovis is a rare etiology of SBP that was first reported in 1994. Since then, few prior reports of SBP secondary to S. bovis have been observed in patients with underlying cirrhosis or hepatitis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Helicobacter pylori, Streptococcus bovis, JC virus, and human papillomavirus have all been evaluated as possible etiologic agents for colorectal cancer.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The first patient presented with gastrointestinal symptoms of unknown etiology, was immunosuppressed, and recovered. The second patient presented with syncope, developed a subdural empyema, and died; at autopsy, a colonic adenoma was found.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Epidemiology

  • Comparative genomics is a powerful tool to identify acquired pathogenic functions, but there is still an urgent need for more physiological and epidemiological data to understand SBSEC-specific traits. Copyright 2014 Elsevier B.V.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • For each of these agents, a review of possible mechanisms for carcinogenesis and epidemiologic evidence is discussed, and future directions for research are proposed.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • […] of Disease 551 Epidemiology 552 Isolation and Identification 554 Pathogenicity 557 Control Measures 561 References 562 Vibrio vulnificus 569 Introduction 570 Characteristics of Disease and Epidemiology 572 Isolation and Identification 575 Pathogenicity[books.google.es]
  • To assess the epidemiologic, clinical and biologic characteristics of this meningitis, we used the French Surveillance Network for BM in children.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • This study evaluated the molecular epidemiology of S. bovis isolates responsible for endocarditis or bacteraemia in Italian patients between January 1990 and August 2003.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • Whilst further studies are required to determine the precise pathophysiology, clinicians should be aware of this association.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The exact pathophysiological mechanisms underlying this association and the predilection for S. bovis bacteremia in patients with advanced colonic neoplasia remain unclear. 2013 The Authors.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Pathophysiology, clinical manifestations, diagnosis, and treatment are detailed. The association between bacteremia from Streptococcus bovis biotype I and intestinal diseases, instrumentation of the digestive tract, and hepatopathy is reviewed.[scielo.org.co]
  • Endocarditis due to penicillin susceptible viridans streptococci and Streptococcus bovis (Minimum Inhibitory …Streptococcal Infections – Etiology, pathophysiology, symptoms, signs, diagnosis & prognosis from the Merck Manuals – Medical Professional Version.Autoimmune[scclebanon.com]
  • Pathophysiology The portal of entry for S bovis bacteremia is the gastrointestinal tract. The urinary tract, hepatobiliary tree and the oropharynx can also be sources of infection in some cases.[emedicine.medscape.com]

Prevention

  • Índice Isolation and Identification of Enterotoxins 500 Biological Activity of Enterotoxins 506 Enterotoxins as Mitogens 509 Detection of Enterotoxins in Foods 510 Prevention and Control 512 References 513 Vibrio choleras 525 Characteristics of V choleroe[books.google.es]
  • Prevention Good husbandry and hygiene, extra care in the immediate post-brooding period.[thepoultrysite.com]
  • Narito ASANUMA and Tsuneo HINO, Prevention of Rumen Acidosis and Suppression of Ruminal Methanogenesis by Augmentation of Lactate Utilization, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaiho, 75, 4, (543), (2004).[doi.org]
  • Transplantation Substance Use and Addiction Surgery Surgical Innovation Surgical Pearls Teachable Moment Technology and Finance The Rational Clinical Examination Tobacco and e-Cigarettes Toxicology Trauma and Injury Treatment Adherence United States Preventive[jamanetwork.com]

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