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Subcortical Nodular Grey Matter Heterotopia

Subcortical Nodular Heterotopia of Grey Matter


Presentation

  • […] sucking requiring gavage feeding is still present.[docksci.com]
  • Patients most commonly present with partial seizures in the second decade of life. Additionally, and depending on extent, children may demonstrate developmental delay or mental retardation 3 .[radiopaedia.org]
  • 出てしまいます てんかん発作の原因 となります 症候性てんかんと言います ほとんどが小児期に発症します 抗てんかん薬の薬物治療 で治療を続けます でも,てんかんの薬が多くなったり,発作が十分に制御できなかったりすることがあります そういうときには,皮質形成異常や異所性灰白質を 開頭手術で摘出する ことがあります 手術の目的は,てんかんを止めることです FCD focal cortical dysplasiaの病理分類 Type 1a and 1b Isolated lesions, which present[plaza.umin.ac.jp]
Developmental Delay
  • Additionally, and depending on extent, children may demonstrate developmental delay or mental retardation 3 .[radiopaedia.org]
  • RSTS is characterized by growth retardation, psychomotor developmental delay, microcephaly and a wide range of typical dysmorphic features ( facial dysmorphism, microcephaly, broad and duplicated distal phalanges of thumbs and halluces).[docksci.com]
Psychomotor Retardation
  • Three weeks later patient’s conditions deteriorated and he was admitted to our department where psychomotor retardation, hypersomnia, short-term memory loss and a slight right facial nerve deficit were observed.[docksci.com]
Dysarthria
  • These episodes may be associated to dysarthria, diplopia, dystonia and hemiplegia; 50% of patients also suffer from migraine.[docksci.com]

Workup

  • Additional workup in selected patients may include serologies and CSF analysis. Ocular miastenia must be included in the differential diagnosis in all cases of motility disorders, expecially when pupil is not involved.[docksci.com]

Treatment

Prognosis

  • E’ un tumore benigno composto da cellule mesenchimali e la prognosi dopo rimozione chirurgica è eccellente.[docksci.com]

Etiology

  • An etiological diagnosis has been achieved in 15 cases (37,5%).[docksci.com]

Epidemiology

  • Epidemiology of preterm birth and neonatal outcome. Semin. Fetal. Neonatal Med. 2004; 9 (6): 429-435. 4 Barre N, Morgan A, Doyle LW, et al. Language abilities in children who were very preterm and/or very low birth weight: a meta-analysis.[docksci.com]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • The frequency of neurological involvement in BD is very variable, ranging from 3 to 59%, with two main different pathophysiologic mechanisms: first, and most commonly, through the development of an immune-mediated meningoencephalitis, which predominantly[docksci.com]

Prevention

  • Surgery has been the classical approach to treat SEGAs, although this treatment is associated with substantial morbidity and does not completely prevent tumor recurrence.[docksci.com]

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