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Substance Abuse Problems

Drug Abuse


Presentation

  • An overview from diverse national and international literature on the three areas is presented.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The present article provides an overview of chemical dependency, assessment issues, and considerations unique to the deaf and hard of hearing population.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Data were collected from a diverse population of 327 adults presenting for care at The George Washington University Medical Faculty Associates clinic in downtown Washington, DC.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • PURPOSE: The present study was designed to evaluate gender differences in the development of substance abuse disorders among drug-involved offenders and to determine whether women in this population exhibit a telescoping effect (i.e., acceleration in[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Abstract This proceedings consists of five papers presented at a conference titled: Psychosocial Issues and Problems of Co-Morbidity for Native American Clients with Substance Abuse Problems.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Weight Loss
  • They're Trying To Hide Their Physical Appearance "The use of substances can result in changes in appearance, such as blood shot eyes, poor hygiene, and weight loss," says Romano.[bustle.com]
  • Methamphetamines can lead to brain, liver, and kidney damage, impaired blood circulation, significant weight loss, and tooth decay. Drugs like cocaine and heroin can seriously damage your respiratory and circulatory systems.[aids.gov]
  • loss, dental problems, wearing long sleeves on hot days, etc.)[promises.com]
  • loss Increased strain on the liver, which puts the person at risk of significant liver damage or liver failure Seizures, stroke, mental confusion and brain damage Lung disease Problems with memory, attention and decision-making, which make daily living[gatewayfoundation.org]
  • Clinical findings often depend on the substance abused, the frequency of use, and the length of time since last used, and may include the following: weight loss constant fatigue red eyes little concern for hygiene Treatment for substance abuse/chemical[beaumont.org]
Falling
  • About This Website About the Health In Aging Foundation About the American Geriatrics Society Aging & Health A-Z Aging & Health A-Z Dementia Diabetes High Blood Pressure (Hypertension) Stroke See All Topics Wellness & Prevention Wellness & Prevention Falls[healthinaging.org]
  • Alcohol can make these problems worse, which means alcohol-related falls, car crashes, and other kinds of accidents are more likely. May be more likely to mix alcohol and medicine because they are taking so many medicines.[northshore.org]
  • Plans are also being discussed to organize a five-day overnight summer institute for teens, and organize fall workshops or some form of direct outreach, in the schools.[silive.com]
  • Healing the Family Your family does not have to fall apart because of substance abuse. You can get help for yourself or your loved one. You can use treatment as an opportunity to rebuild relationships.[blackbearrehab.com]
  • A national epidemic The most abused prescription drugs fall under three categories: painkillers, tranquilizers and stimulants.[foxnews.com]
Fatigue
  • Many people in our society are dependent on caffeine and experience withdrawal symptoms such as headache, fatigue, and difficulty concentrating if they miss their morning cup of coffee 8 .[drugabuse.com]
  • Clinical findings often depend on the substance abused, the frequency of use, and the length of time since last used, and may include the following: weight loss constant fatigue red eyes little concern for hygiene Treatment for substance abuse/chemical[beaumont.org]
  • Alcohol and drug problems in the elderly are often missed by family, friends and health care professionals, because: Symptoms of substance abuse such as increasing fatigue, diminished cognitive capacities and balance problems can be mistaken for dementia[buffalo.edu]
Rhinorrhea
  • Along with a strong craving for the drug, opioid withdrawal produces yawning, tears, diarrhea, abdominal cramping, piloerection, and rhinorrhea. Symptoms of withdrawal usually peak around 48 hours and again at 72 hours.[emedicine.medscape.com]
Palpitations
  • Heart racing or heart palpitations Chest pain. Dry mouth. Nausea or vomiting. Muscle tension. Sore muscles. Racing thoughts or the feeling like you cannot control your worries.[rehabs.com]
  • Arrthymias may be asymptomatic, or perceived as palpitations in the chest, or manifest in other ways. Many forms of arrythmia are not life threatening, but some may precipitate events that lead to a cardiac arrest.[americanaddictioncenters.org]
Blurred Vision
  • Symptoms of inhalant intoxication are very similar to those seen with intoxication with alcohol, including dizziness , clumsiness , slurred speech, elation, tiredness, slowed reflexes, thinking and movement, shaking, blurred vision, stupor or coma , and[emedicinehealth.com]
Denial
  • The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration explains that in partners of addicts, “Psychological consequences may include denial or protection of the person with the substance abuse problem, chronic anger, stress, anxiety, hopelessness[blackbearrehab.com]
  • Dual diagnosis and denial Complicating a dual diagnosis is denial. Denial is common in substance abuse. It’s often hard to admit how dependent you are on alcohol or drugs or how much they affect your life.[helpguide.org]
  • RELATED: 6 Depression Symptoms You Shouldn’t Ignore Any interruption or denial of this natural discovery process can manifest clinically and lead people to believe that everything they feel and think is wrong, he explains. This idea, which Dr.[everydayhealth.com]
  • This underestimation may be attributed to denial, one of the hallmarks of the disease process of substance abuse. Question patients about their drug or drugs of choice and the frequency, amount, and method of use.[emedicine.medscape.com]
  • Addiction: This word is used to refer to substance abuse that involves loss of control (compulsive use), continued use despite harmful consequences, and denial (refusal to acknowledge the problem).[thewellproject.org]
Delusion
  • In other cases, substances can create mental health symptoms like paranoia, delusions or depression while the person is under the influence of the drug.[dualdiagnosis.org]
  • Physical symptoms : Fluctuations in weight Nausea Increased energy Fatigue Sleep changes Slurred speech Vomiting Bloodshot eyes Excessive perspiration Tremors Injection marks caused by intravenous drug use Headaches Poor hygiene Cognitive symptoms : Delusions[crestwynbh.com]
  • As drinking continues, dependence develops and sobriety brings serious withdrawal symptoms such as delirium tremens (DTs) that include physical trembling, delusions, hallucinations, sweating and high blood pressure.[healthyplace.com]
  • Long-term effects include unwanted "flashbacks" and psychosis (hallucinations, delusions, paranoia, and mood disturbances). PCP (also known as angel dust, hog, lovie, love boat): PCP is a powerful anesthetic used in veterinary medicine.[emedicinehealth.com]
  • Eur Addict Res 8:195–200 PubMed CrossRef Google Scholar Beck JC (2004) Delusions, substance abuse, and serious violence.[link.springer.com]
Panic Attacks
  • Further, these individuals may attempt to stay away from certain situations where they may have experienced a past panic attack or where they may feel trapped and unable to escape, should they experience a future panic attack.[rehabs.com]
  • Some examples include: The depressed patient who uses marijuana to numb the pain The patient suffering from social anxiety who drinks to feel more comfortable in social situations The patient who struggles with panic attacks and takes benzodiazepines[dualdiagnosis.org]
  • Panic Disorder Alcohol or drugs often cause panic attacks, and having panic disorder is a risk factor for a relapse among people with a substance abuse disorder. Alcohol abuse commonly begins before or at the same time as panic disorder symptoms.[adaa.org]
  • You may start abusing prescription drugs to relieve pain, cope with panic attacks, or improve concentration at school or work.[helpguide.org]
Suicidal Ideation
  • The following are signs and effects of withdrawal, which also suggest that a person is in need of treatment for his or her addiction: Cravings Seizures Bone pain Muscle pain Suicidal ideation Nausea Vomiting Anxious feelings Paranoia Depression Effects[crestwynbh.com]
  • In a large study following adults who drink alcohol, suicide ideation was reported among persons with depression.[hhs.gov]
  • Moreover, in addition to suicidal ideation, combat veterans with depression and PTSD are more likely to make fatal suicide attempts on account of their weapons training.[addictionresource.com]
  • ideation, have lower self-esteem, negative psychological adjustment and more post-traumatic stress symptoms. [ 25 – 30 ] Pregnancy, Mothering and Substance Use Substance use by pregnant women and mothers has received a great deal of attention, and there[bmcwomenshealth.biomedcentral.com]
Aggressive Behavior
  • Psychotic disorder, khat abuse and aggressive behavior: a case report in Somalia. African Journal of Drug and Alcohol Studies, Vol. 7(1), 59-63. Odenwald, M., Hinkel, H. & Schauer, E. (2007).[vivo.org]
Sexual Dysfunction
  • dysfunction medications and supplements; and the suburban father who almost lost it all.[foxnews.com]
  • […] epigastric distress, diarrhea, or weight changes Sexual dysfunction Sleep disorders A number of physical findings can suggest alcohol or other drug problems ( Table 2 ) . 5 Another warning flag pops up when a patient with a chronic disease fails to respond[aafp.org]
Irritability
  • "This can include increased irritability, mood swings, angry outbursts, and patterns of isolation."[bustle.com]
  • View/Print Table TABLE 2 Physical Findings that Suggest Alcohol and Other Drug Problems Mild tremor Odor of alcohol on breath Enlarged, tender liver Nasal irritation (suggestive of cocaine insufflation) Conjunctival irritation (suggestive of exposure[aafp.org]
  • Other effects: The after-effects of a drug or alcohol “high” can create feelings of depression, exhaustion, pain, and/or irritability.[aids.gov]
  • Stimulants (including amphetamines, cocaine, crystal meth): Dilated pupils; hyperactivity; euphoria; irritability; anxiety; excessive talking followed by depression or excessive sleeping at odd times; may go long periods of time without eating or sleeping[helpguide.org]
Hyperactivity
  • […] resources Stealing to purchase drugs or alcohol New friends and activities Obvious intoxication from drugs or alcohol Needle marks Mood swings Personality changes A desire to be alone Unusual behavior Legal problems Dilated pupil Sweating Drowsiness Hyperactivity[valiantrecovery.com]
  • […] someone else Take extra doses or use a drug other than the way it’s supposed to be taken Take the drug for a non-medical reason Types of prescription drugs that are most often abused include: Opioid pain relievers Medicine used to treat attention deficit hyperactivity[webmd.com]
  • The most prominent signs of abuse include: Frequent tardiness or unexplained absences Inconsistent on-the-job performance Frequent small accidents resulting in minor injuries or broken objects Unusual physical symptoms or behaviors (unsteady gait, hyperactive[promises.com]
Insomnia
  • Milder symptoms such as agitation, restlessness, and insomnia are more common.[emedicine.medscape.com]
  • If you go too long without drugs, you experience symptoms such as nausea, restlessness, insomnia, depression, sweating, shaking, and anxiety. Loss of control over your drug use.[helpguide.org]
  • The specific symptoms experienced will vary depending on the substance you abuse but may include nausea, vomiting, headaches, tremors, sweating, insomnia, anxiety, and body aches and pains.[projectknow.com]
  • Quitting use of a substance may lead to withdrawal effects such as physical sickness, temporary personality changes, loss of appetite, insomnia, nausea, mood swings, and other disturbances.[goodtherapy.org]
Personality Change
  • changes A desire to be alone Unusual behavior Legal problems Dilated pupil Sweating Drowsiness Hyperactivity Financial problems These signs of substance abuse may be a tip that there is a problem.[valiantrecovery.com]
  • Family complaints, leading to alienation and eventually divorce Work problems, including absenteeism, loss of interest in work, job loss Financial problems, unpaid bills, and bankruptcy Personality changes Physical weakening Which addictions are the most[my.clevelandclinic.org]
  • The treatment plan may need to be altered as the needs of the person change.[medbroadcast.com]
  • Quitting use of a substance may lead to withdrawal effects such as physical sickness, temporary personality changes, loss of appetite, insomnia, nausea, mood swings, and other disturbances.[goodtherapy.org]
  • Quitting use of a substance may lead to withdrawal effects such as physical sickness, temporary personality changes, loss of appetite, insomnia , nausea, mood swings , and other disturbances.[goodtherapy.org]
Agitation
  • Milder symptoms such as agitation, restlessness, and insomnia are more common.[emedicine.medscape.com]
  • […] use Headaches Poor hygiene Cognitive symptoms : Delusions Poor decision making Impaired judgment Slowed thought processes Psychosis Poor concentration Suicidal ideation Difficulty focusing attention Memory loss Hallucinations Psychosocial symptoms : Agitation[crestwynbh.com]
  • Stimulants (including Ritalin, Concerta, Adderall, Dexedrine): Dilated pupils, reduced appetite; agitation, anxiety, irregular heartbeat, high body temperature; insomnia, paranoia.[helpguide.org]
  • Alcohol withdrawal may involve delirium tremens, extreme agitation and seizures 39 . The experience of these may discourage individuals from discontinuing their abusive behavior, thus exposing themselves to further potential cardiovascular risk.[americanaddictioncenters.org]

Treatment

  • Abstract This study examines the ability to acknowledge the need for treatment of mental illness and substance abuse problems among dually-diagnosed inpatients before and after an inpatient substance abuse treatment program.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Outcome measures were retention in treatment for 90 days or more, completion of a treatment program, abstinence at discharge, and readmission to treatment.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • As predicted, early-treatment alcoholics made greater situational attributions to the "alcoholic" and greater dispositional attributions to the "nonalcoholic" actor in comparison to the late-treatment alcoholics and controls.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Prognosis

  • This text focuses on the drugs that are used by people with HIV and AIDS and how those drugs can negatively impact their health and prognosis.[americanaddictioncenters.org]
  • . , the court said an employer would not be required “to provide repeated leaves of absence (or perhaps even a single leave of absence) for an alcoholic employee with a poor prognosis for recovery.” And in Fuller v.[usccr.gov]

Epidemiology

  • Abstract This is an analysis of data from the NIMH-sponsored Epidemiologic Catchment Area community-based study, investigating who reported discussing mental health or substance abuse problems with nonpsychiatric physicians.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Prevalence, correlates, disability, and comorbidity of DSM-IV drug abuse and dependence in the United States: results from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions. Arch Gen Psychiatry 2007;64(5):566– 576.[rehabs.com]
  • E-mail Citation » Provides important epidemiologic facts and answers frequently asked questions. DiClemente, Carlo C. 2003. Addiction and change: How addictions develop and addicted people recover . New York: Guilford.[oxfordbibliographies.com]
  • Results from the Epidemiologic Catchment Area (ECA) Study. JAMA . 1990;264:2511–8. 18. Fleming MF, Barry KL, Manwell LB, Johnson K, London R. Brief physician advice for problem alcohol drinkers.[aafp.org]
  • Ottawa: Division of HIV/AIDS Epidemiology and Surveillance, Bureau of HIV/AIDS, STD and TB, Centre for Infectious Disease Prevention and Control, Health Canada. 2001 Google Scholar Tortu S, Beardsley M, Deren S, Williams M, McCoy HV, Stark M, Estrada[bmcwomenshealth.biomedcentral.com]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Prevention

  • You are here Find Treatment Substance Abuse and Mental Illness Prevention Prevention and early intervention strategies can reduce the impact of mental and substance use disorders in America’s communities.[samhsa.gov]
  • OBJECTIVE: To estimate the costs, effectiveness, and cost-effectiveness of prevention interventions for out-of-treatment substance abusers at risk for HIV.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Prevention of substance abuse/chemical dependence: There are three major approaches frequently used to prevent adolescent substance use and abuse, including the following: school-based prevention programs School-based prevention programs usually provide[beaumont.org]
  • Moderation, harm-reduction, maintenance, abstinence, prevention, and willingness to change are all common themes when addressing substance abuse.[oxfordbibliographies.com]

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