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Tobacco in Any Form


  • Present Introduced PIER, 2014 Pitcairn Island Present Introduced Invasive PIER, 2014 Solomon Islands Present Introduced PIER, 2014 Tonga Present Introduced PIER, 2014 Wake Island Present Introduced Invasive Wallis and Futuna Islands Present Introduced[cabi.org]
  • The visual impairment generally presents as a centrocecal scotoma.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Loss of Appetite
  • Nausea, Vomiting, and Loss of Appetite Children in all four states described nausea, vomiting, and loss of appetite while working on tobacco farms.[hrw.org]
  • Gutka addiction leads to precancerous lesions resulting in characteristic facial abnormalities, following trismus.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Muscle Weakness
  • In addition to severe muscle weakness, bulbar palsies, flexor muscle spasm, hypertension, nausea, vomiting, and respiratory compromise were reported or observed.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Burning Eyes
  • They often described being able to smell or feel the chemical spray as it drifted over them, and reported burning eyes, burning noses, itchy skin, nausea, vomiting, dizziness, shortness of breath, redness and swelling of their mouths, and headache after[hrw.org]
Female Sterility
  • Female sterile tobacco plants are produced by stigma-specific cell ablation. The EMBO Journal 13, 2976 –2984. Goldman MHS, Pezzotti M, Seurinck J, Mariani C. 1992.[doi.org]


  • Workup included negative imaging and normal B12, folate and thiamine levels, undetectable cyanide levels, and negative Leber's Hereditary Optic Neuropathy mutation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Gram-Positive Bacteria
  • Certain members of the gram positive bacteria belonging to the genus Bacillus produce proteins that are insecticidal.[web.archive.org]


  • Despite these similarities, treatments for diabetes are well covered by insurance, whereas tobacco dependence treatments are often limited.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]


  • In addition, germline variants play a crucial role in susceptibility, prognosis, development, and progression of the disease. These prompted us to study the genetic susceptibility to oral squamous cell carcinoma among the long-term tobacco-chewers.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • 1084; DOI:10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-18-2505 These findings uncover a novel mechanism by which mitomiRNA regulates mitochondrial transcription and provide rationale for use of mitomiRNA and mtDNAencoded genes to predict chemosensitivity and patient clinical prognosis[intl-cancerres.aacrjournals.org]
  • In addition, smokers who have cancer and who continue smoking during treatment decrease treatment effectiveness, overall survival prognosis, and quality of life and increase the risk for having another malignancy or comorbid condition ( 9 ).[cdc.gov]


  • There are several exogenous etiologies for yellow hair discoloration, including tobacco. We describe the clinical features of five men with tobacco-associated yellow discoloration of their mustache, a condition known as "smoker's mustache."[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Teague in his confidential 1953 ‘Survey of Cancer Research’, written for upper management at RJ Reynolds, makers of Camel cigarettes, concluded that the parallel rise in cigarette use and cancer had led to the suspicion that tobacco was ‘an important etiologic[doi.org]
  • Etiologic factors of breast cancer elucidated by a study of unselected twins. J Natl Cancer Inst 1980 ;65: 285 - 298 19. Holm NV, Hauge M, Jensen OM.[content.nejm.org]


  • This report provides a synopsis of epidemiological data and evidence-based recommendations for general, pharmaceutical, and behavioral cessation strategies.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Sex distribution
Age distribution


  • This article summarizes its signs and symptoms, describes the pathophysiological processes involved and provides the necessary information for diagnosis and treatment of the entity previously known as tobacco-alcohol amblyopia, reporting in the end, a[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]


  • Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) Guide to Clinical Preventive Services, 2012-2014 The Guide to Clinical Preventive Services includes U.S.[ahrq.gov]
  • The implementation of appropriate preventive measures would require information about the prevalence and determinants of tobacco use. Data on tobacco consumption among adolescents in the North Center of Morocco are scarce.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Health information and intelligence platform Tobacco use is one of the world's leading preventable causes of death and is a major preventable risk factor of noncommunicable diseases like cancer, lung and heart diseases.[wpro.who.int]

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