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Tongue Disease

Tongue Condition


Presentation

  • Although easily examined, abnormalities of the tongue can present a diagnostic and therapeutic dilemma for physicians.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Histopathologic Examination On histopathologic examination, amyloid presents as a hyaline-like, amorphous material.[pocketdentistry.com]
  • A detailed history of how long the spots have been present and when they started is also important. Lichen planus is a somewhat rare condition that can cause some white patchiness in the mouth.[zocdoc.com]
  • The gland swelled and presented as a mass in his upper neck. This patient is a 70 year old who smoked 1 pack per day for 50 years he also drank alcohol heavily.[entusa.com]
  • “Hunters are at no risk from eating meat from infected animals unless secondary bacterial infections are present,” he said.[oklahomafarmreport.com]
Lesion of the Tongue
  • However, lesions on the tongue may indicate other more-serious conditions of the tongue or diseases affecting the body in general. If you have lesions on the tongue that don't resolve within 10 days, see your doctor or dentist.[mayoclinic.org]
  • Reports of deer exhibiting lethargy, blue tongues and ulcers and lesions on the tongue and palate have been filed in portions of Oklahoma. These are all symptoms Blue Tongue, one of a group of viruses collectively called hemorrhagic disease.[oklahomafarmreport.com]
  • It causes creamy white lesions on the tongue and inner cheeks, according to the Mayo Clinic. It is more likely to affect babies, the elderly and people with suppressed immune systems, such as people with HIV/AIDS.[livescience.com]
  • The characteristic lesion in geographic tongue is reddish (erythematous), degenerated (atrophic) patch or area on the tongue that is abnormally smooth because of the lack of the small bumps that normally cover the tongue.[rarediseases.org]
  • .- ) tobacco use ( Z72.0 ) Diseases of tongue Approximate Synonyms Acquired macroglossia Acquired macroglossia (large tongue) Atrophy of tongue Enlargement of tongue Glossoptosis Lesion of tongue Tongue atrophy Tongue hypertrophy Tongue lesion Tongue[icd10data.com]
Cheilitis
  • Fissured tongue may be part of Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome, the other features being granulomatous cheilitis and transient facial nerve paralysis; this triad is not necessarily present at the same time.[pocketdentistry.com]
  • Glossitis (inflamed tongue) Cheilitis (inflamed lips) Bad breath (halitosis) In children with ulcerative colitis, only nonspecific changes were seen in one large study.[dermnetnz.org]
  • .  Plummer vinson syndrome: sideropenic anemia shares atrophic glositis, angular cheilitis, generalised atrophic oral mucosa, oral ulceration and secondary candidiasis  Pernicious anemia: atrophy of filiform &fungiform papilae.  Niacin deficiency:[slideshare.net]
Cutaneous Manifestation
  • Oral disease and oral-cutaneous manifestations of gastrointestinal and liver disease. In: Feldman M, Friedman LS, Brandt LJ, eds. Sleisenger and Fordtran's Gastrointestinal and Liver Disease. 8th ed. Philiadephia, Pa.: Saunders; 2006: 443–459. 9.[aafp.org]

Treatment

  • Treatment includes replacement of the missing nutrient or treatment of the underlying condition. 11 – 13 View/Print Table Table 2.[aafp.org]
  • Burning mouth syndrome often involves the tongue and has responded to treatment with alpha-lipoic acid, clonazepam, and cognitive behavior therapy in controlled trials.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • […] so the treatment will be with the emetic drugs( xix) & so on each case it treated according to the cause.[ishim.net]
  • Treatment is difficult since any trauma or surgery to the area may expand the bone loss.[entusa.com]

Prognosis

  • […] coating is one of the direct objective foundations for clinical diagnosis and treatment of many critical diseases, so it is of great importance for syndrome differentiation, determining the treating principle, prescribing a formula, and predicting the prognosis[onlymyhealth.com]
  • Cancers of the lower lip have a better prognosis than those of the upper lip. Chronic sun exposure is the most common cause, but smoking can also be an etiology.[entusa.com]
  • What is the prognosis for tongue problems? Fortunately, most tongue problems are benign and treatable. Therefore, the prognosis is generally very good. In regard to growths on the tongue, the main concern is oral cancer.[medicinenet.com]
  • Prognosis Geographic tongue is a benign condition.[emedicine.medscape.com]
  • The prognosis is poor because the tumour has usually been growing for one or two years before symptoms are apparent. The channel of the esophagus is encroached upon and can be almost entirely obstructed.[britannica.com]

Etiology

  • Tongue lesions of unclear etiology may require biopsy or referral to an oral and maxillofacial surgeon, head and neck surgeon, or a dentist experienced in oral pathology.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Etiology The etiology of BMS is unknown. Although a variety of causes have been mentioned in the literature, the most common one being an underlying psychiatric disorder, there is no proven causative etiological factor.[pocketdentistry.com]
  • This condition is of unknown etiology, although a scraping should be performed to exclude candidal infection, and biopsy can aid diagnosis.[aafp.org]
  • .  Some authers suggest fungal infection as etiology. 21.  c/f: m f  Generally asymptomatic  The surface is dusky red and completely devoid of filiform papillae and usually smooth.  Kissing lesion-soft palate erythema may be seen where the lesion[slideshare.net]
  • Glossitis is a general term for tongue inflammation, which can have various etiologies, e.g. infection.[en.wikipedia.org]

Epidemiology

  • Epidemiology The estimated prevalence is approximately 1 %. Geographic tongue may occur on all ages, even in young children.[pocketdentistry.com]
  • HIV Epidemiology Research Study (HERS) Group. Am J Med 104: 559 –564. Google Scholar Crossref Medline ISI Scully C ( 2000 ).[adr.sagepub.com]
  • Immunologic and psychologic parameters have been associated with geographic tongue. [15] Epidemiology Frequency Geographic tongue has reportedly occurred in up to 3% of the general population in the United States.[emedicine.medscape.com]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • Pathophysiology The most commonly affected site is the tongue; however, other oral mucosal soft tissue sites may be affected.[emedicine.medscape.com]

Prevention

  • While there is little that can be done to prevent hemorrhagic disease, Elmore said to contact your county wildlife conservation officer if you suspect an outbreak is occurring by observing multiple deer carcasses or noting deer acting strangely.[oklahomafarmreport.com]
  • Causes The cause of geographic tongue is unknown, and there's no way to prevent the condition. There may be a link between geographic tongue and psoriasis and between geographic tongue and lichen planus.[mayoclinic.org]
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. St. John holds an M.D. from Emory University School of Medicine. The tongue is a powerful muscle involved in the critical functions of speaking, chewing and swallowing.[livestrong.com]
  • Treatment of tonsillitis with antibiotics to prevent Rheumatic Fever or tonsillar abscess formation is usually advisable.[entusa.com]
  • Since most of the bacteria in the mouth are on the tongue, cleaning it helps to prevent tooth decay and bad breath. The tongue brush should be used with a special paste or toothpaste.[star2.com]

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