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Toxic Effect of Corrosive Substances

Corrosive Substance Unspecified


Presentation

  • Present on Admission The Present on Admission (POA) indicator is used for diagnosis codes included in claims involving inpatient admissions to general acute care hospitals.[icdlist.com]
  • It should also be said that one element showing up in the present page does not mean that this element is entirely bad.[corrosion-doctors.org]
  • Laryngeal injury and edema presents with: progressive stridor hoarseness respiratory distress Look for evidence of complications — severe ingestions of concentrated acids may present with severe metabolic acidosis and shock.[lifeinthefastlane.com]
  • Corrosive materials are present in almost every workplace. Acids, bases (which include caustics or alkalis), and other chemicals may be corrosive. Everyone who works with corrosives must be aware of their hazards and how to work safely with them.[ccohs.ca]
  • The present study examines the effects of household chemical products on teeth. A total of eight chemicals were utilized for this experiment.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Gastric Lavage
  • lavage or insert an nasogastric tube (until endoscopy is performed) Enhanced Elimination and Antidotes nil Disposition if asymptomatic at 4 hours post-ingestion - perform a trial of oral fluids and discharge if well tolerated (avoid discharging a child[lifeinthefastlane.com]
Fatigue
  • Mechanical/Vibration Chaffing/Fatigue Vibration that can cause damage to nerve endings or material fatigue that can result in a critical safetycritical failure Mechanical Failure Equipment failure typically occurs when devices exceed designed capacity[acs.org]
Collapse
  • Excavation Collapse Soil collapse in a trench or excavation as a result of improper or inadequate shoring. Soil type is critical in determining the risk associated with this hazard.[acs.org]
Hypothermia
  • Temperature Extreme Heat/Cold Temperatures that result in heat stress, exhaustion, or metabolic slow down such as hyperthermia/hypothermia. Visibility Limited Lack of lighting or obstructed vision that results in an error or other hazard.[acs.org]
Hyperthermia
  • Temperature Extreme Heat/Cold Temperatures that result in heat stress, exhaustion, or metabolic slow down such as hyperthermia/hypothermia. Visibility Limited Lack of lighting or obstructed vision that results in an error or other hazard.[acs.org]
Abdominal Pain
  • pain Upper airway injury is the most important immediate life-threat.[lifeinthefastlane.com]
  • Peritonitis results in severe abdominal pain when the stomach perforates. Scarring of the esophagus results in narrowing (stricture), which causes difficulty in swallowing.[merckmanuals.com]
Odynophagia
  • […] permangante — methemoglobinemia, multi-organ failure silver nitrate — methemoglobinemia tannic acid — hepatotoxicity CLINICAL FEATURES Corrosive ingestion may result in immediate symptoms of injury to the gastrointestinal tract: mouth and throat pain drooling odynophagia[lifeinthefastlane.com]

Treatment

  • […] tissues Protection Required - total cover for skin and eyes where exposure is possible using the appropriate acid-/base-protective gear Hazardous Effects - severe burns to skin and eyes - severe burns to the lungs if the fumes are inhaled First Aid Treatment[eesemi.com]
  • Drinking water or milk to dilute the caustic substance Sometimes surgery to repair damage Avoidance of stomach emptying The extent of damage determines treatment.[merckmanuals.com]
  • Calcium gluconate, and Allied Signal’s “Recommended Medical Treatment for Hydrofluoric Acid Exposure” must also be available in the area of use. Prior to performing experiments using hydrofluoric acid, disposal procedures should be defined.[mtholyoke.edu]
  • Most ingredients in chemical cleaners break down into harmless substances during treatment or soon afterward. Others, however, do not, threatening water quality or fish and other wildlife.[organicconsumers.org]
  • Drain Disposal Before considering drain disposal, be certain that the sewer flows to a wastewater treatment plant and not to a stream or other natural water course.[mdk12.msde.maryland.gov]

Prognosis

  • It is probable that the psychiatric/psychological problems are often ignored and even trivialised so there is little reliable information on the diagnosis, management, and prognosis of mental health problems in such groups of people.[jnnp.bmj.com]

Etiology

  • Code first - Certain conditions have both an underlying etiology and multiple body system manifestations due to the underlying etiology.[icdlist.com]
  • Certain conditions have both an underlying etiology and multiple body system manifestations due to the underlying etiology.[icd10coded.com]

Pathophysiology

  • Organic solvents are frequently implicated but there is no known pathophysiological explanation for this problem.[jnnp.bmj.com]

Prevention

  • Transportation Hydrochloric acid should never be transported in other than a plastic coated glass container, accurately labeled, and properly stored within the vehicle to prevent shifting, spillage, or breakage.[water.usgs.gov]
  • The burning sensation of a solid particle sticking to a moist surface (such as the lips) may prevent a person from consuming much of the product.[merckmanuals.com]
  • Prevent entry into waterways, sewers, basements or confined areas. A vapor-suppressing foam may be used to reduce vapors. Absorb with earth, sand or other non-combustible material and transfer to containers (except for Hydrazine).[cameochemicals.noaa.gov]
  • Procedures to control the production or release of airborne toxins are important to prevent both acute and chronic exposures. Ventilation through the use of fume hoods is the key control measure in preventing inhalation exposure.[uwaterloo.ca]
  • When moved they should be carried in a manner to prevent breakage or spillage, for example enclosed Winchester carriers.[nottingham.ac.uk]

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