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Toxic Gastritis


Presentation

  • When a chemical antidote can be immediately administered, death may be averted, but serious symptoms may be present to demand careful treatment for a number of weeks.[henriettes-herb.com]
  • His present illness began early last June, with violent vomiting and diarrhoea. Sept. 20th. Treatment.[archive.org]
  • Acute appendicitis: Acute appendicitis is frequently misdiagnosed in the elderly due to delayed and atypical presentation. Up to 8% of elderly patients with acute appendicitis wait more than 7 days before presenting.[epmonthly.com]
  • Eosinophilic gastritis PHYSICAL FINDINGS & CLINICAL PRESENTATION · Patients with gastritis generally present with nonspecific clinical signs and symptoms: o Nausea [with or without vomiting] · Symptoms may be aggravated by eating. · Epigastric tenderness[medicineonlinepk.blogspot.com]
  • The authors make an attempt to define gastritis and gastropathy in order to classify and present their features. Gastritis is a histological definition indicating mucosal inflammation. Acute gastritis is caused by infections.[hungary.pure.elsevier.com]
Localized Pain
  • On the contrary, it is when local pain is absent that the oral sepsis is allowed to continue long enough to give rise to these toxic effects At other times the general disturbances predominate. 14 ORAL SEPSIS AS A CAUSE OF "SEPTIC GASTRITIS."[archive.org]
Pharyngitis
  • Tonsillitis, pharyngitis, otitis, glandular enlargements, cellulitis, post-pharyngeal abscess - in rarer cases thrombosis of veins, ethmoidal suppuration, and meningitis by direct extension.[archive.org]
Abdominal Pain
  • Abdominal Pain in the Elderly with Robert McNamara, MD ADVERTISEMENT Emergency physicians have rated abdominal pain in the elderly as one of the most difficult clinical scenarios.[epmonthly.com]
  • The chief symptoms are severe upper-abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, thirst, and diarrhea; the illness develops suddenly and subsides rapidly.[britannica.com]
  • You should see a doctor if you have any of the following: Blood when you have a bowel movement Severe abdominal pain Heartburn not relieved by antacids Unintended weight loss Ongoing vomiting or diarrhea NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive[icdlist.com]
  • Gastritis due to a bacterial or viral infection may include symptoms of diarrhea, fever, and abdominal pain. Drugs, poisons, toxic substances, and corrosives can cause gastric bleeding.[medrounds.org]
  • Although alcohol-related gastritis most often is asymptomatic, it also may present with epigastric or upper abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, and massive or occult gastrointestinal bleeding.[pedsinreview.aappublications.org]
Blood in Stool
  • It’s better to consult a doctor: For chronic gastritis If there is dark blood in stool If blood is vomited If there are other allied complications like diabetes or liver disorder If there is difficulty in breathing. If dizziness occurs[home-cure.net]
  • […] stomach ulcers, stomach tumors, pernicious anemia [1] [3] Duration Short or long term [1] Causes Helicobacter pylori, NSAIDs, alcohol, smoking, cocaine, severe illness, autoimmune problems [1] Diagnostic method Endoscopy, upper gastrointestinal series, blood[en.wikipedia.org]
Black Stools
  • Common symptoms include: loss of appetite indigestion black stools nausea vomiting bloody vomit that looks like used coffee grounds pain in the upper part of the abdomen a full feeling in the upper abdomen after eating Some symptoms associated with acute[healthline.com]
  • The patient underwent with post-vomiting bronchoaspiration and black stools; for this reason, the patient is intubated and put on mechanical ventilation.[actagastro.org]
Recurrent Vomiting
  • Acute gastritis usually begins abruptly with the appearance of an unpleasant sensation in the abdomen, burning and heaviness in the epigastrium, headache, loss of appetite, nausea, eructation, and recurrent vomiting (sometimes with bile and mucus) that[encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com]
Bad Taste
  • It does not even cause any local discomfort ; the symptoms at most are a foul taste in the mouth, especially in the morning, a distaste for food, loss of sense of taste, bad taste of food, occasionally salivation.[archive.org]
Coated Tongue
  • The ashy-grey look and general languor which such patients, in one's experience, characteristically present, are really mani- festations of long-continued septic absorption ; the local symptoms of clamminess of the mouth, distaste for food, coated tongue[archive.org]
Metallic Taste
  • In the case of gastritis with decreased secretion patients are disturbed by lack of appetite, an unpleasant astringent or metallic taste in the mouth, eructation of air or with a rotten-egg aftertaste, nausea, a sensation of heaviness in the epigastrium[encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com]
Hypotension
  • In a study by Marston, et al. in 1992, almost all patients with misdiagnosed ruptured AAA experienced at least one episode of hypotension while in the emergency department.[epmonthly.com]
  • Stress induced gastritis • It is usually associated with severe trauma, hypotension, sepsis, major burns renal or respiratory failure. • Lesions due to intracranial trauma are usually deeper than other causes. • Acute stress lesions begin minutes or hours[slideshare.net]
  • Ulcero-hemorrhagic gastritis is believed to be secondary to ischemia related to hypotension and shock or to the release of vasoconstrictive substances, but the etiology is often unknown.[emedicine.medscape.com]
  • The ferric chloride toxicity results from direct corrosive effect and cellular dysfunction that may result in severe gastrointestinal damage, metabolic acidosis, CNS depression, liver dysfunction, coagulopathy, hypotension and shock.[actagastro.org]
Eye Irritation
  • May be harmful if swallowed or may cause severe eye irritation. Never mix chlorine bleach with cleaning products containing ammonia, or with vinegar. The resulting chloramine fumes are deadly.[books.google.com]
  • Other symptoms include fever, and sinus and eye irritation. 这会导致肺功能减退,这是可以测量的最早的中毒迹象。其它症状包括发烧、瘘管和眼睛受到刺激。 It is non-oxidizing, provides the necessary solubility, will not chelate metal ions, and has relatively low toxicity.[hujiang.com]
Neglect
  • But it is the rule to neglect similar cases in connection with the teeth. The remarkable benefits to be obtained by the measures indicated I could illustrate by many cases.[archive.org]

Treatment

  • As the symptoms improve, the treatment must be adjusted to the demands of each day.[henriettes-herb.com]
  • Treatment for gastritis includes the elimination of the causes of acute gastritis, regulation of the functions of the central nervous system, treatment of the underlying diseases, the elimination of focal infection, improvement of oral hygiene, and elimination[encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com]
  • The patient expired less than 9 hours after admission despite intensive treatments. Later, an analysis of the blood and gastric juice revealed group A streptococcus (GAS) and virulence factors associated with toxic shock syndrome (TSS).[jstage.jst.go.jp]
  • Treatment : Oral antisepsis. Result : Five months later reported extraordinary benefit.[archive.org]
  • Despite surgical treatment, hemorrhagic emesis with clots persisted. Hyperbaric oxygen treatment was then proposed. After 20 sessions of treatment, the patient noticed a relief of symptoms and an imagiological response upon endoscopy was documented.[karger.com]

Prognosis

  • Prognosis: —The prognosis is usually grave. When a chemical antidote can be immediately administered, death may be averted, but serious symptoms may be present to demand careful treatment for a number of weeks.[henriettes-herb.com]
  • Prognosis In most cases prognosis for acute gastritis is good if the stomach was cleansed in time and the right treatment was prescribed.[ahealthgroup.com]
  • GASTRITIS GENERAL REVIEW Click on a section title for more information: Definition Pathogenesis Etiology Pathology History Clinical Findings Laboratory Findings Radiologic Findings Differential Diagnosis Possible Complications Treatment Prognosis Definition[cal.vet.upenn.edu]
  • Differential diagnosis is an important pathological and clinical task because different treatment methods and prognosis.[hungary.pure.elsevier.com]
  • Prognosis The prognosis will greatly depend upon the quantity of poison taken, and upon the condition in which we find the patient. On the whole, every case of poisoning must be considered as quite serious, recovery being doubtful.[chestofbooks.com]

Etiology

  • Etiology: —The larger number of suicides are caused by ingestion of irritating and corrosive poisons, which induce this disease, resulting in death. This class of remedies is also taken accidentally.[henriettes-herb.com]
  • Applicable To Drug-induced gastroenteritis and colitis Use Additional Use Additional Help Certain conditions have both an underlying etiology and multiple body system manifestations due to the underlying etiology.[icd10data.com]
  • Sometimes, although the etiology is not necessarily established, it may be inferred from the morphological findings, as in corpus restricted chronic gastritis and atrophy (autoimmune type).[humpath.com]
  • GASTRITIS GENERAL REVIEW Click on a section title for more information: Definition Pathogenesis Etiology Pathology History Clinical Findings Laboratory Findings Radiologic Findings Differential Diagnosis Possible Complications Treatment Prognosis Definition[cal.vet.upenn.edu]
  • According to Etiology c. Toxic gastritis ( Alcohol & tobacco associated ) d. Post-surgical gastritis e. Gastric atony & obstruction ( bezoars ) associated g. Granulomatous conditions associated h. Amyloidosis associated 3.[medicineonlinepk.blogspot.com]

Epidemiology

  • EPIDEMIOLOGY & DEMOGRAPHICS · Erosive and hemorrhagic gastritis is most commonly seen in patients taking nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), alcoholics, and critically ill patients (usually on ventilator support). · H. pylori infection with[medicineonlinepk.blogspot.com]
  • Pathologists should exert great caution when expressing prognostic opinions, paying particular attention to the epidemiological associations that may be peculiar to the area where they practice or the population they serve.[humpath.com]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • It is a huge review, so I have chosen to focus on the following topics: Aetiology, pathophysiology and clinical features Diagnosis and investigations Treatment Disposition Here are some of the highlights… Aetiology, Pathophysiology and Clinical Features[lifeinthefastlane.com]
  • No Comments In general, toxic alcohols can be divided into two groups based on similarity in symptoms, pathophysiology, and treatment: isopropyl alcohol and ethanol in one group, methanol and ethylene glycol in the other.[epmonthly.com]
  • Diet [ edit ] Evidence does not support a role for specific foods including spicy foods and coffee in the development of peptic ulcers. [15] People are usually advised to avoid foods that bother them. [8] Pathophysiology [ edit ] Acute [ edit ] Acute[en.wikipedia.org]

Prevention

  • Where severe pain is present, a hypodermic injection of morphin must not be delayed, and often stimulants by this method are demanded to prevent or counteract the shock.[henriettes-herb.com]
  • Systematic veterinary and sanitary monitoring of the quality of feeds, the condition of pastures, the feed diet, and the watering places is necessary for prevention of gastritis. N. M.[encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com]
  • Prevention of acute gastritis in pregnant women General preventive measures to prevent the occurrence of acute gastritis and its complications include the prevention of toxicosis: adherence to diet; full night rest; walks in the open air; regular adequate[en.medicine-worlds.com]
  • The mainstays of treatment in toxic alcohol treatment are as follows: 1) Prevent formation of toxic metabolites by inhibiting alcohol dehydrogenase Ethanol and fomepizole (4-MP) are both efficacious in the treatment of methanol and ethylene glycol ingestion[epmonthly.com]

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