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Trichomonal Cystitis

Trichomoniasis of Bladder


Presentation

  • Improve your interpretation of presenting symptoms with 38 new topics and 40 new images in the Differential Diagnosis section, and optimize patient care with more than 250 new figures and tables.[books.google.com]
  • Improve your interpretation of presenting symptoms with 39 new topics in the Differential Diagnosis section, and optimize patient care with 12 new tables in the Clinical Practice Guidelines section.[books.google.com]
  • In these situations, a doctor may prescribe one or more antibiotics that are likely to cure infection that may be present.[webmd.com]
  • Satellite vaginal pustules are sometimes present in patients with vaginal candidiasis, and grouped painful vesicles and tender inguinal adenopathy may be present in patients with genital herpes.[aafp.org]
  • ***Many patients present less typical signs. Definitive diagnosis depends on identification of the causative organism.[moondragon.org]
Myxedema
  • Regurgitation 326 Monoarthritis Acute 327 Mononucleosis 328 Mucormycosis 329 Mumps 330 Muscle Weakness 331 Muscular Dystrophy 332 Mycosis Fungoides 333 Myelodysplastic Syndrome 334 Myocarditis 335 Myoglobinuria 336 Myopathies Toxic 337 Myotonia 338 Myxedema[books.google.com]
Raynaud Phenomenon
  • Phenomenon 416 Rectal Pain 417 Red Hot Joint 418 Renal Cell Adenocarcinoma 419 Renal Failure Postrenal Causes 420 Renal Tubular Acidosis 421 Respiratory Failure Hypoventilatory 422 Reticulocytosis 423 Retinopathy Hypertensive 424 Rheumatic Fever 425[books.google.com]
Popliteal Swelling
  • Swelling 397 Postconcussive Syndrome 398 Posttraumatic Stress Disorder 399 Preeclampsia 400 Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder 401 Pronator Syndrome 402 Proteinuria 403 Pruritus Ani 404 Pseudofolliculitis Barbae Ingrown Hairs Razor Bumps 405 Pseudoinfarction[books.google.com]
Palpitations
  • Oral Mucosa Pigmented Lesions 357 Oral Ulcers Acute 358 Orbital Lesions Cystic 359 Orofacial Pain 360 OsgoodSchlatter Disease 361 Osteoporosis 362 Otitis Externa 363 Ovarian Mass 364 Pagets Disease of Bone 365 Pain Midfoot 366 Pain Posterior Heel 367 Palpitations[books.google.com]
Koilonychia
  • Monoarthritis Acute 327 Mononucleosis 328 Mucormycosis 329 Mumps 330 Muscle Weakness 331 Muscular Dystrophy 332 Mycosis Fungoides 333 Myelodysplastic Syndrome 334 Myocarditis 335 Myoglobinuria 336 Myopathies Toxic 337 Myotonia 338 Myxedema Coma 339 Nail Koilonychia[books.google.com]
Metatarsalgia
  • Lymphocytosis 311 Macrothrombocytopenia Inherited 312 Malaria 313 MalloryWeiss Tear 314 Mastoiditis 315 Mediastinitis Acute 316 Melanocytic Nevi Moles 317 Melanonychia 318 Menieres Disease 319 Meningitis Chronic 320 Menopause 321 Metabolic Syndrome 322 Metatarsalgia[books.google.com]
Mild Cognitive Impairment
  • Cognitive Impairment 325 Mitral Regurgitation 326 Monoarthritis Acute 327 Mononucleosis 328 Mucormycosis 329 Mumps 330 Muscle Weakness 331 Muscular Dystrophy 332 Mycosis Fungoides 333 Myelodysplastic Syndrome 334 Myocarditis 335 Myoglobinuria 336 Myopathies[books.google.com]
Dysuria
  • Versicolor Pityriasis Versicolor 477 Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis 478 Toxoplasmosis 479 Tracheitis 480 Trichotillomania 481 Tropical Sprue 482 Tubulointerstitial Kidney Disease 483 Tumor Markers Elevation 484 Turners Syndrome 485 Urethral Discharge and Dysuria[books.google.com]
  • […] primary genital herpes as the cause of dysuria.[aafp.org]
  • Cystitis is usually associated with painful urination (dysuria), increased frequency, urgency, and suprapubic pain.[automatedclinical.com]
  • The use of spermicides may cause a chemical urethritis, with associated dysuria findings that mimic those of infectious urethritis.[antimicrobe.org]
  • Women—up to 80% may be asymptomatic ( 2 ) Yellow-green, malodorous vaginal discharge Vulvovaginal pruritus Dysuria Symptoms often worsen during menses. Men—80% are asymptomatic ( 2 ) Dysuri... Symptomatic individuals require treatment.[5minuteconsult.com]
Prostate Tenderness
  • For urethritis: Check for penile discharge, meatal crusts, no costovertebral angle tenderness, no epididymal tenderness or prostatic tenderness on exam.[cancertherapyadvisor.com]
  • tenderness, boggy texture on palpation Acute prostatitis Prostatic massage contraindicated May require parenteral treatment Milder cases can be treated with same regimen as for epididymitis Unilateral pain, tenderness or swelling of testes or epididymis[aafp.org]

Workup

  • The symptoms are progressive, and workup commonly results in negative urine cultures.[clinicaladvisor.com]
Right Axis Deviation
  • Axis Deviation 427 Rosacea 428 Salivary Gland Enlargement 429 Sarcoidosis 430 Schistosomiasis 431 Scrotal Pain 432 Seasonal Affective Disorder 433 Seizures Absence 434 Septicemia 435 Serotonin Syndrome 436 Sexually Transmitted Diseases Anorectal Region[books.google.com]
Left Axis Deviation
  • Axis Deviation 298 Leg Length Discrepancies 299 Leg Ulcers 300 LeggCalvéPerthes Disease 301 Leptomeningeal Lesions 302 Leukoplakia Oral Hairy Oral Hairy Cell Leukoplakia 303 Lichen Simplex Chronicus 304 Listeriosis 305 Liver Lesions Benign Often Confused[books.google.com]
Microcytosis
  • Macrothrombocytopenia Inherited 312 Malaria 313 MalloryWeiss Tear 314 Mastoiditis 315 Mediastinitis Acute 316 Melanocytic Nevi Moles 317 Melanonychia 318 Menieres Disease 319 Meningitis Chronic 320 Menopause 321 Metabolic Syndrome 322 Metatarsalgia 323 Microcytosis[books.google.com]

Treatment

  • Treatment Basic information Diagnosis Treatment Basic information Diagnosis Treatment Pearls considerations Basic information Diagnosis Treatment Pearls considerations Basic information Diagnosis Treatment Pearls considerations Basic information Diagnosis[books.google.com]
  • Treatment is with antibiotics.[icdlist.com]
  • Viruses Further reading Bacteria Further reading Host response to infection Acknowledgement consequences for health Treatment of chronic biofilm infections Vaccination and immunization Introduction Spread of infection Introduction Objectives of a vaccineimmunization[books.google.com]
  • Treatment Summary of treatment of trichomonas vulgaris balanitis Department of urology: urology surgical male male medicine Chinese medicine Chinese medicine urinary, male subjects Treatment: Etiology treatment symptomatic treatment of drug treatment[healthfrom.com]
  • Retest women within 3 months of treatment. Avoid alcohol during treatment with standard agents. Treatment does not reduce risk of adve...[5minuteconsult.com]

Prognosis

  • Prognosis: Outlook With proper treatment, the chance of a cure is excellent. Potential Complications • Long-term untreated infection may cause abnormal cell changes in the cervix. These changes can be detected in a routine Pap smear.[womens-health-advice.com]
  • "Prognosis and treatment of desquamative inflammatory vaginitis". Obstet Gynecol . 117 (4): 850–5. doi : 10.1097/AOG.0b013e3182117c9e . PMID 21422855 . Tansarli, G. S.; Kostaras, E. K.; Athanasiou, S.; Falagas, M. E. (2013).[en.wikipedia.org]
  • Prognosis and Patient Counseling. For cystitis, patients should be counseled on methods to reduce the risk of recurrence, including voiding after intercourse and avoiding spermicide or diaphragm use.[cancertherapyadvisor.com]
  • Control of T vaginalis may represent an important means of slowing HIV transmission, particularly among African Americans. [ 37 ] Prognosis Recommended metronidazole therapy regimens have produced a 90-95% cure rate in randomized clinical trials. [9][emedicine.medscape.com]

Etiology

  • Etiology Trichomonas vulgaris balanitis etiology Trichomonas vulgaris balanitis is mainly male and infected trichomoniasis women have sexual intercourse caused by history; also due to the public environment of trichomoniasis, leading to iatrogenic cross-infection[healthfrom.com]
  • Incubation periods ranging from 2 to 35 days have been described, and many men with nongonococcal urethritis develop urethral symptoms within 4 days, so that the incubation period is not a reliable factor in the etiologic diagnosis.[antimicrobe.org]
  • Pulseless electrical activity Pupillary dilatation poor response to darkness Purpura Purpura nonpalpable20 Purpura nonpurpuric disorders simulating purpura1 Qt interval prolongation22 Rectal mass palpable38 Rectal pain Red blood cell aplasia acquired etiology[books.google.com]
  • Bladder biopsies may also be taken to rule out other potential etiologies such as carcinoma in situ.[aafp.org]
  • Etiology C. trachomatis and N. gonorrhoeae are the primary pathogens identified in men with urethritis.[aafp.org]

Epidemiology

  • Poole DN, McClelland RS ; Global epidemiology of Trichomonas vaginalis. Sex Transm Infect. 2013 Sep89(6):418-22. doi: 10.1136/sextrans-2013-051075. Epub 2013 Jun 6.[patient.info]
  • Diagnostic criteria and microbial and epidemiologic associations. Am J Med . 1983 Jan. 74(1):14-22. [Medline] . Andrea SB, Chapin KC.[emedicine.medscape.com]
  • Epidemiology of interstitial cystitis. In: Hanno PM, Staskin DR, Krane RJ, eds. Interstitial cystitis. New York: Springer-Verlag, 1990:29. 19. Parsons CL, Boychuk D, Jones S, Hurst R, Callahan H.[aafp.org]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • Pathophysiology T vaginalis is approximately the size of a white blood cell (WBC)—about 10-20 μm long and 2-14 μm wide—though its size may vary with physical conditions (see the image below).[emedicine.medscape.com]

Prevention

  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Condom Fact Sheet in Brief (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) Trichomoniasis (Medical Encyclopedia) Trichomoniasis (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) [ Read More ] Urinary Tract Infections[icdlist.com]
  • Avoidable - 0% Emergent - ED Care Needed - Not Preventable/Avoidable - 0% Primary diagnosis of injury 0% Primary diagnosis of mental health problems 0% Primary diagnosis of substance abuse 0% Primary diagnosis of Alcohol 0% Unclassified 100% Health Topic[codelay.com]
  • Rapidly find the answers you need with separate sections on diseases and disorders, differential diagnosis, clinical algorithms, laboratory results, and clinical preventive services, plus an at-a-glance format that uses cross-references, outlines, bullets[books.google.com]
  • […] values breakpoints phenotype and outcome Concluding comments Clinical uses of antimicrobial drugs Introduction 2 Principles of use of antimicrobial drugs Antibiotic policies Further reading Antibiotic prescribing and antibiotic stewardship infection prevention[books.google.com]

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