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Urinary Tract Disease

Urological Diseases


Presentation

  • The advantages, indications, techniques, radiation dosage, and future of pediatric abdominal CT are presented.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Specific findings are present in renal abscess, perirenal abscess, and in several of the renal cystic diseases. Adrenal lesions can be identified and clarified.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Serotypes cultured from bladder urine were also present in vaginal and urethral samples, although these samples often carried additional serotypes.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Abstract Patients with acute urinary tract disorders often present with acute abdominal symptoms. Sonography and CT are often the first investigations performed when the clinical nature of the symptoms is unclear.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Another recent development in lower urinary tract disease of cats is the recognition that urolithiasis appears to be a minor cause of the signs of frequency, urgency and hematuria for which patients are presented.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Recurrent Urinary Tract Infection
  • Recurrent urinary tract infection in women. . Accessed June 30, 2017. Cranberry. National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health. . Accessed June 30, 2017. Takhar SS, et al.[mayoclinic.org]
  • Twenty percent of women in the United States develop a UTI and 20 percent of those have a recurrence. Urinary tract infections in children are more common in those under the age of 2. Publication Review By: Daniel Khouri, M.D., Stanley J.[healthcommunities.com]
  • Recurrent Urinary Tract Infections in Women: Diagnosis and Management. American Family Physician. 2010; 82(6):638-643. Scholes D, Hooten TM, Roberts PL, et al. Risk Factors for Recurrent Urinary Tract Infection in Young Women.[labtestsonline.org]
  • Recurrent Urinary Tract Infections in Women: Diagnosis and Management. American Family Physician . 2010; 82(6):638-643. Scholes D, Hooten TM, Roberts PL, et al. Risk Factors for Recurrent Urinary Tract Infection in Young Women.[labtestsonline.org]
  • This could be because more women with a history of recurrent urinary tract infection were randomised into the fosfomycin group.[bmj.com]
Pseudotumor
  • For the 81 patients who had CT because of abnormalities seen on excretory urography, including 54 with pseudotumors, findings were clarified and the correct diagnosis made.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Aspiration
  • Abstract Bladder aspirate urine samples (N 190) were cultured for the presence of fastidious microorganisms.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Abstract Bladder-aspirate urine samples (N 428) were cultured for the presence of fastidious microorganisms.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • A similar range of serotypes was recovered from first-voided, midstream, and bladder-aspiration (SPA) urine, upper urinary tract samples, and vaginal swabs.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • However, if catheterization or aspiration is the means by which urine is obtained, 50,000 CFU/mL of a single organism is considered a UTI. Others have argued that even 1000 CFU/ml of a single organism is a UTI when urine is acquired by aspiration.[clinicaladvisor.com]
Thrombosis
  • The rim pattern is most often associated with renal infarction and occasionally with acute tubular necrosis and renal vein thrombosis. Careful evaluation of the CT nephrogram is an integral part of the abdominal CT examination.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Acute renal vascular disorders, including renal hemorrhage, renal infarction, and renal vein thrombosis are readily diagnosed by contrast-enhanced CT. Both sonography and MR imaging help in the diagnosis of acute renal vein thrombosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Contusion
  • Striated nephrograms may be unilateral or bilateral and are caused by ureteric obstruction, acute pyelonephritis, contusion, renal vein thrombosis, tubular obstruction, hypotension, and autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Spinal Cord Syndrome
  • Urinary retention, which is a common complication of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), though it can also be caused by other types of urinary tract obstruction, nerve dysfunction, tethered spinal cord syndrome, constipation, infection and certain medications[en.wikipedia.org]
Hematuria
  • In 487 patients with hematuria the results of the combined studies were compared with blinded prospective interpretations of each. In addition 81 patients had add-on CT for specific urographic questions.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Another recent development in lower urinary tract disease of cats is the recognition that urolithiasis appears to be a minor cause of the signs of frequency, urgency and hematuria for which patients are presented.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • N30.2 Other chronic cystitis N30.20 …… without hematuria N30.21 …… with hematuria N30.3 Trigonitis N30.30 …… without hematuria N30.31 …… with hematuria N30.4 Irradiation cystitis N30.40 …… without hematuria N30.41 …… with hematuria N30.8 Other cystitis[icd10data.com]
  • […] infection (affecting the bladder and urethra): Pain or stinging when passing urine (dysuria) Persistent feeling of the need to urinate Cloudy and foul-smelling urine Strong and bad smell of urine Abdominal pan (stomach pain) Back pain Blood in the urine (hematuria[diabetes.co.uk]
Female Sexual Dysfunction
  • Thus, the symptoms of lower urinary tract disease (LUTD) that have to be considered now as targets relevant to these therapies include ED, ejaculatory dysfunction, sexual desire, sexual pain disorders and female sexual dysfunction.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Workup

  • Fevers and more severe pain may prompt greater workup such as computed tomography (CT scan) in order to image the kidneys. Most simple UTIs can be treated with a short course of oral antibiotics.[urology.ucsf.edu]
  • Kashani, Biomarkers for Early Detection of Acute Kidney Injury, The Journal of Applied Laboratory Medicine: An AACC Publication, September 2017, jalm.2017.023325; DOI: 10.1373/jalm.2017.023325 (May 1, 2017) Arora, P Chronic Kidney Disease Workup.[labtestsonline.it]
Nephrolithiasis
  • . , papillary necrosis, nephrolithiasis, neurogenic bladder) and the management of comorbidities with Foley catheters and intravenous lines. No literature that addressed this question was found.[cjasn.asnjournals.org]
  • CD001322 47 Pass the cranberry juice, Nursing Times, 1991 , vol. 87 (pg. 36 - 7 ) 48 Dietary supplementation with cranberry concentrate tablets may increase the risk of nephrolithiasis, Urology, 2001 , vol. 57 (pg. 26 - 9 ) 49 What's the use of cranberry[cid.oxfordjournals.org]
Abnormal Intravenous Pyelogram
  • It's used when other tests or symptoms indicate a possible bladder abnormality. Intravenous pyelogram Opaque dye is injected into a vein, and then X-rays are taken to follow the course of the dye through the urinary system.[kidshealth.org]

Treatment

  • METHODS: From January 1997 to March 1998, we performed retrograde endoscopic treatment in 25 patients with urinary tract lesions using a 200-microm holmium laser fiber.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Treatment of voiding dysfunction has also been shown to have effects (adverse or beneficial) in these other domains.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • OBJECTIVE: To compare the reported outcomes of onabotulinumtoxinA and abobotulinumtoxinA in the treatment of NDO, IDO, PBS, DSD, and BOO for adults and children.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Abstract The large corpus of Babylonian medical texts is much less known to medical history than the contemporary medical papyri from Egypt, but offer a rich new source of information regarding ancient diagnosis and treatment of disease.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Abstract Current modalities and techniques used in imaging of the urinary tract offer prompt and accurate diagnoses as well as treatment in some cases.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Prognosis

  • Similarly, the prognosis of specific ultrasound findings needs to be clarified, and the ease of sonographic examination will make such long-term follow-up studies feasible.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • (Outcomes/Resolutions) In general, the prognosis for Urinary Tract Infections in Men is excellent, if treatment is begun immediately on onset of symptoms UTI symptoms typically disappear after 48 hours, however if the infection is localized to the kidneys[dovemed.com]

Etiology

  • (Etiology) Urinary Tract Infections in Men are usually caused due to infection by bacteria such as Escherichia coli, Klebsiella, Pseudomonas, or Staphylococcus The infection can spread from the urethra through the urinary tract and reach the bloodstream[dovemed.com]
  • Use Additional Use Additional Help Certain conditions have both an underlying etiology and multiple body system manifestations due to the underlying etiology.[icd10data.com]
  • Etiology and risk factors N Engl J Med. 2012 Mar 15;366(11):1028-37. Lancet Infect Dis. 2004 Oct;4(10):631-5. Etiology Most commonly due to infection with Escherichia coli species (80-90% of cases).[pathophys.org]
  • Antimicrobial treatment of UTI requires adequate serum, renal, parenchymal, and urine concentrations of drugs with antibacterial activity versus the etiologic organism.[cjasn.asnjournals.org]

Epidemiology

  • The epidemiological studies prove the convergence of LUTD when viewed through the lens of the current patient-related outcomes and problem constructs.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • 4 , Karl Wegscheider , trial statistician and professor of medical biometry and epidemiology 5 , Eva Hummers-Pradier , senior investigator and professor of primary care 1 1 Department of General Practice, University Medical Center Göttingen, Humboldtallee[bmj.com]
  • Urinary Tract Infections: Epidemiology, Mechanisms of Infection and Treatment Options. Nature Reviews Microbiology. April 2015. Kidney Infection (Pyelonephritis). National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases.[everydayhealth.com]
  • Epidemiology [ 1 , 2 , 3 ] UTIs are common in general practice, accounting for 1-3% of all consultations.[patient.info]
  • Epidemiology LUTS are extremely common.[patient.info]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • Pathophysiology of Complicated Urinary Tract Infections. Medscape Reference [On-line information]. Available online at . Accessed October 2012. Brusch, J. (Updated 2012 February 1). Cystitis in Females. Medscape Reference [On-line information].[labtestsonline.org]

Prevention

  • Changes in habits, hygiene, or birth control method may help prevent another infection. Eating, Diet, & Nutrition Experts don’t think eating, diet, and nutrition play a role in preventing or treating bladder infections.[niddk.nih.gov]
  • Abstract Companion animal diets may be related to prevention, pathogenesis and/or treatment of diseases of the lower urinary tract. For example, urolithiasis can be either diet induced or nutrient sensitive.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The structure of the urinary system prevents urine flowing upwards from the bladder to the kidney, so most urinary tract infections are in the bladder and are not usually serious.[sahealth.sa.gov.au]
  • Hospital for Sick Children Health A-Z Search a complete list of child health articles expand_more View All Drug A-Z Search a list of articles about medications expand_more View All Learning Hubs Browse a complete list of content groups Healthy Living & Prevention[aboutkidshealth.ca]

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