Edit concept Create issue ticket

Veillonella

Veillonella (organism)


Presentation

  • We herein present a case of epidural abscess caused by V. parvula in a 68-year-old man with sinus squamous cell carcinoma who presented with a 3-week history of low back pain. Blood and pus cultures were positive for Veillonella spp.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • A previously healthy 76-year-old lady presented with worsening axial back pain at the thoracolumbar junction, fever and loss of weight.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • When V. parvula was present, S. mutans showed an increase in survival after exposure to various antimicrobials. Furthermore, this co-existence altered the physiology of S. mutans.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • We are reporting a case of a 63-year-old-male patient with an unusual presentation of multiple lung abscesses. The patient likely had septic pulmonary emboli secondary to periodontal disease. The implicated organism was Veillonella species.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • We report a case of a 49-year-old man with Veillonella parvula prosthetic valve endocarditis who presented with acute cardiac failure due to valvular dehiscence.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Heart Murmur
  • A 60-year-old man with a history of a benign heart murmur for 25 years had evaluation of six months of unexplained fever and heart disease.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Formication
  • No decisive role could be found for acetic, formic, and propionic acid. No inhibition of demineralization was observed in the enamel slabs inoculated with both aerobic and anaerobic mixed plaques.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Resulting peptides were extracted, dried in the Speed-Vac and then resuspended in water/acetronitrile/formic acid (98:2:0.1).[journal.frontiersin.org]
Suggestibility
  • Limited clinical experience and in vitro susceptibility studies suggest that penicillin G is the drug of choice for these organisms and that cephalosporins, clindamycin, chloramphenicol, and metronidazole may be acceptable therapeutic alternatives.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Samples collected from the dental surface, gingival sulcus, dorsum of the tongue and from the cheek of ten adults (18 to 32 years) were investigated to identify the Veillonella and Neisseria species present by applying the taxonomic criteria suggested[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Changes in community structure can occur very rapidly in natural biofilm development, and we suggest that this process may influence evolution within this ecosystem.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Moreover, the results of this study suggest that cyclo (-L-Leu-L-Pro) may have an application to inhibit early stage development of oral biofilms.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • There was also significantly increased expression of histidine biosynthesis pathway in V. parvula, suggesting higher intra-cellular levels of histidine that could provide intra-cellular buffering capacity and, therefore, assist survival in the acidic[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Paresis
  • His clinical course was complicated by cortical blindness and limb paresis as a result of cerebral embolism. The endocarditis was successfully treated with urgent valve replacement surgery and a prolonged course of metronidazole.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Workup

Suppression
  • Veillonella species should be considered a true pathogen in diabetic patients with osteomyelitis and those with underlying immune suppression, particularly if the organism is isolated from blood.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Conclusions Veillonella species should be considered a true pathogen in diabetic patients with osteomyelitis and those with underlying immune suppression, particularly if the organism is isolated from blood.[springermedizin.de]
  • Changes in gastric and lung microflora with acid suppression.[journal.frontiersin.org]

Treatment

  • Initial treatment with ciprofloxacin was associated with treatment failure and poor response. Identification of the organism was essential for the selection of appropriate treatment.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • To our knowledge, this is the first case describing successful treatment of V. parvula-caused sepsis with chloramphenicol.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • […] bilateral abscessed orchiepididymitis associated with septicemia due to Veillonella parvula and, later, to Clostridium perfringens, with the development of severe renal insufficiency and septic shock, which resolved favorably with antibiotic therapy, treatment[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Inhibition assays using various chemical or physiological treatments suggest different mechanisms being involved in coaggregation with different partners.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Growing in a biofilm together with a non-pathogenic bacterium like V. parvula changes the physiology of S. mutans, and gives this bacterium an advantage in surviving antimicrobial treatment.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Etiology

  • The aim of this case report is to emphasize that brain biopsy should be considered in patients with encephalitis of unknown etiology. Authors User assignment Assign yourself or invite other person as author.[infona.pl]
  • Finegoldia magna (formerly Peptostreptococcus magnus ): an overlooked etiology for toxic shock syndrome ? Med Hypotheses 79 : 138 – 140 . 37. Dowd SE ,, Wolcott RD ,, Sun Y ,, McKeehan T ,, Smith E ,, Rhoads D . 2008 .[asmscience.org]
  • A naerobic Meningitis Anaerobic bacteria are uncommon as the etiology of meningitis. Anaerobic bacterial meningitis occurs in older children and adults with chronic sinusitis, chronic otitis media or bowel diseases.[antimicrobe.org]

Epidemiology

  • Epidemiological data have also implicated these species in the development of the most common oral diseases.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Anaerobic infections (general): epidemiology of anaerobic infections . J Infect Chemother 17 ( Suppl 1 ): 4 – 12 . 26. Marina M ,, Strong CA ,, Civen R ,, Molitoris E ,, Finegold SM . 1993 .[asmscience.org]
  • Epidemiological studies of infants have demonstrated that presence of Veillonella is negatively correlated with asthma ( Arrieta et al., 2015 ), bronchiolitis ( Hasegawa et al., 2016 ), and autism ( Strati et al., 2017 ).[journal.frontiersin.org]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • NOTE TO JOURNALISTS: The Physiological and Pathophysiological Consequences of Sickle Cell Disease conference will be held in Washington, D.C., November 6–8, 2017. Read the full program .[the-aps.org]

Prevention

  • Author affiliations Institute of Preventive and Community Dentistry University of Nijmegen, Nijmegen Corresponding Author J.[karger.com]
  • The objective of this thesis was to evaluate whether these species cooperate to determine whether knowledge of their interaction can be applied to prevent caries.[discovery.ucl.ac.uk]
  • The broth was subcultured onto a 5% sheep blood agar plate incubated at 35 C in 5% CO 2 and onto an anaerobic 5% sheep blood agar plate (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta) incubated at 35 C anaerobically.[academic.oup.com]

Ask Question

5000 Characters left Format the text using: # Heading, **bold**, _italic_. HTML code is not allowed.
By publishing this question you agree to the TOS and Privacy policy.
• Use a precise title for your question.
• Ask a specific question and provide age, sex, symptoms, type and duration of treatment.
• Respect your own and other people's privacy, never post full names or contact information.
• Inappropriate questions will be deleted.
• In urgent cases contact a physician, visit a hospital or call an emergency service!