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Veillonella

Veillonella (organism)


Presentation

  • We herein present a case of epidural abscess caused by V. parvula in a 68-year-old man with sinus squamous cell carcinoma who presented with a 3-week history of low back pain. Blood and pus cultures were positive for Veillonella spp.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • A review of the literature on Veillonella infections is also presented.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • RESULTS: When V. parvula was present, S. mutans showed an increase in survival after exposure to various antimicrobials. Furthermore, this co-existence altered the physiology of S. mutans.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Abstract The present study describes the distribution of Veillonella and Neisseria species in the human oral cavity and indicates that their ability to attach to oral surfaces correlates with their proportions found in various sites of the mouth.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • We report a case of a 49-year-old man with Veillonella parvula prosthetic valve endocarditis who presented with acute cardiac failure due to valvular dehiscence.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
High Fever
  • Swelling of the eyelid, high fever and vomiting developed in spite of oral antibiotics for seven days. The findings of the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) were white blood cells (WBC) 26,368/mm3 (90% polymorphs), protein 127 mg/dl, and sugar 0 mg/dl.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • CASE SUMMARY: A 55-year-old woman underwent surgery for lumbar spinal stenosis and developed high fever (39.5 C) after surgery, accompanied by chills and fatigue.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Intravenous Administration
  • Surgical debridement was performed following which the patient received intravenous administration of amoxicillin/clavulanate.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Intravenous administration of penicillins with cefotaxime (CTX), or of fosfomycin (FOM) were ineffective. Chloramphenicol (CP) cured the patient without neurological sequelae. There were no abnormal findings on brain CT scan.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Physician
  • Physicians should realize the importance of anaerobic culture method in routine practice, especially in complicated cases such as the present case.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Fatigue
  • CASE SUMMARY: A 55-year-old woman underwent surgery for lumbar spinal stenosis and developed high fever (39.5 C) after surgery, accompanied by chills and fatigue.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Hemoptysis
  • A 44-year-old man was referred for evaluation of a progressive pulmonary disease of 7-month duration characterized by hemoptysis and fever.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Vomiting
  • Swelling of the eyelid, high fever and vomiting developed in spite of oral antibiotics for seven days. The findings of the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) were white blood cells (WBC) 26,368/mm3 (90% polymorphs), protein 127 mg/dl, and sugar 0 mg/dl.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Heart Murmur
  • Abstract A 60-year-old man with a history of a benign heart murmur for 25 years had evaluation of six months of unexplained fever and heart disease.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Poor Oral Hygiene
  • Moreover, Veillonella species were detected predominantly in subjects who had poor oral hygiene compared to those with good or moderate oral hygiene.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Low Back Pain
  • We herein present a case of epidural abscess caused by V. parvula in a 68-year-old man with sinus squamous cell carcinoma who presented with a 3-week history of low back pain. Blood and pus cultures were positive for Veillonella spp.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Renal Insufficiency
  • We present a case of bilateral abscessed orchiepididymitis associated with septicemia due to Veillonella parvula and, later, to Clostridium perfringens, with the development of severe renal insufficiency and septic shock, which resolved favorably with[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Workup

Actinomyces Israelii
  • These tongue isolates were unable to coaggregate with most normal members of the subgingival flora such as Actinomyces viscosus, Actinomyces naeslundii, Actinomyces israelii, and Streptococcus sanguis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Treatment

  • Initial treatment with ciprofloxacin was associated with treatment failure and poor response. Identification of the organism was essential for the selection of appropriate treatment.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • To our knowledge, this is the first case describing successful treatment of V. parvula-caused sepsis with chloramphenicol. 2017 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • […] bilateral abscessed orchiepididymitis associated with septicemia due to Veillonella parvula and, later, to Clostridium perfringens, with the development of severe renal insufficiency and septic shock, which resolved favorably with antibiotic therapy, treatment[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Inhibition assays using various chemical or physiological treatments suggest different mechanisms being involved in coaggregation with different partners.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • CONCLUSION: Growing in a biofilm together with a non-pathogenic bacterium like V. parvula changes the physiology of S. mutans, and gives this bacterium an advantage in surviving antimicrobial treatment.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Etiology

  • The aim of this case report is to emphasize that brain biopsy should be considered in patients with encephalitis of unknown etiology. Authors User assignment Assign yourself or invite other person as author.[infona.pl]
  • Finegoldia magna (formerly Peptostreptococcus magnus ): an overlooked etiology for toxic shock syndrome ? Med Hypotheses 79 : 138 – 140 . 37. Dowd SE ,, Wolcott RD ,, Sun Y ,, McKeehan T ,, Smith E ,, Rhoads D . 2008 .[asmscience.org]

Epidemiology

  • Epidemiological data have also implicated these species in the development of the most common oral diseases.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Guide to oral health epidemiology investigations. Geneva, Switzerland: WHO. Google Scholar[journals.sagepub.com]
  • Anaerobic infections (general): epidemiology of anaerobic infections . J Infect Chemother 17 ( Suppl 1 ): 4 – 12 . 26. Marina M ,, Strong CA ,, Civen R ,, Molitoris E ,, Finegold SM . 1993 .[asmscience.org]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • NOTE TO JOURNALISTS: The Physiological and Pathophysiological Consequences of Sickle Cell Disease conference will be held in Washington, D.C., November 6–8, 2017. Read the full program .[the-aps.org]

Prevention

  • Prevention, Aichi Medical University Hospital, Japan. 5 Department of Clinical Infectious Diseases, Aichi Medical University Hospital, Japan; Department of Infection Control and Prevention, Aichi Medical University Hospital, Japan.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The objective of this thesis was to evaluate whether these species cooperate to determine whether knowledge of their interaction can be applied to prevent caries.[discovery.ucl.ac.uk]
  • For detailed information: BacDive - The Bacterial Diversity Metadatabase Literature: 1300 , 2092 , 2093 , 2094 , 2095 , 3526 Risk group: 2 (classification according to German TRBA ) Restrictions: Act dealing with the prevention & control of infectious[dsmz.de]
  • The broth was subcultured onto a 5% sheep blood agar plate incubated at 35 C in 5% CO 2 and onto an anaerobic 5% sheep blood agar plate (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta) incubated at 35 C anaerobically.[academic.oup.com]

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