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  • Extensive presentation of verruca plana in a healthy individual. Indian J Dermatol 2011;56:324-5 How to cite this URL: Pavithra S, Mallya H, Pai G S. Extensive presentation of verruca plana in a healthy individual.[e-ijd.org]
  • Abstract A 27-year-old healthy man presented with non-itchy hyperpigmented skin lesions involving the trunk of duration 3 years.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Available from: Sir, It is often difficult to treat patients presenting with extensive verruca vulgaris on areas like the scalp and the beard area.[ijdvl.com]
  • Initially verrucae can present as a small whitey pink bump but in the later stages they often have a rough cauliflower like appearance with central black dots.[hattclinic.co.uk]
  • Although HPV can be detected in younger lesions, it is not always present in older lesions. Procedures A biopsy is obtained if doubt exists regarding the diagnosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Delivery Models Health Care Economics, Insurance, Payment Health Care Policy Health Care Quality Health Care Reform Health Care Safety Health Care Workforce Health Disparities Health Informatics Health Policy Hematology History of Medicine Humanities Hypertension[jamanetwork.com]


Staphylococcus Aureus
  • Bullous dermatosis caused by Staphylococcus aureus in locus minoris resistentiae. J Am Acad Dermatol 1984;10:259-63. 8. Friedman SJ, Fox BJ, Albert HL. Granuloma annulare arising in herpes zoster scars.[idoj.in]


  • Treatment options There are a number of treatments available for warts. However, no single treatment is 100% effective, and the wart may return. The aim of treatment is to remove the wart without it returning and without leaving any scarring.[nhsinform.scot]
  • Treatment for warts includes: salicylic acid cryotherapy duct tape surgery chemical treatments These are described in more detail below.[hse.ie]
  • treatment, and use of painkillers for the two treatments.[trialsjournal.biomedcentral.com]
  • Non-invasive treatment No need to rest after treatment and no post-treatment dressings required Requires up to 4 treatment sessions Your treatment package includes: Up to 4 treatment sessions over an 8 week period Follow up review 12 weeks after last[hattclinic.co.uk]


  • Actinic keratosis — Squamous cell carcinoma — Linear epidermal nevus, inflammatory linear verrucous epidermal nevus • For plane warts — Lichen planus — Lichenoid keratosis • For plantar wart (calluslike) — Callus — Corn — Talon noir (calcaneal petechiae) Prognosis[clinicaladvisor.com]
  • Prognosis [ 4 ] Many verrucae will resolve without treatment but this may take some years. Many studies show high resolution rates in the placebo groups.[patient.info]
  • Differential Diagnosis Molluscum contagiosum Seborrheic keratosis Lichen planus Squamous cell cancer Keratoacanthoma Prognosis Close to 2/3rd of warts resolve spontaneously over several years, so the efficacy of treatments is difficult to discern.[statpearls.com]


  • . • Biopsy is generally unnecessary but may be appropriate for — Immunocompromised patients — Lesions that are of uncertain etiology, resistant to treatment, suspicious for Bowenoid papulosis or squamous cell carcinoma D ifferential diagnosis • For common[clinicaladvisor.com]
  • Etiology There are over 100 subtypes of the HPV virus, but only a few types can cause skin warts at selective anatomical sites. However, with skin contact, the HPV can be transferred to any part of the body.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]


  • There are no high-quality epidemiological studies on prevalence of verrucae specifically. Verrucae are more common in young people regularly using swimming pools and communal washing/changing areas.[patient.info]
  • Epidemiology of genital human papillomavirus infection. Am J Med. 1997 May 5. 102(5A):3-8. [Medline]. Bernard HU, Burk RD, Chen Z, van Doorslaer K, Hausen Hz, de Villiers EM.[medscape.com]
  • Epidemiology Warts are a common medical problem, especially in Whites. Frequency Warts are common worldwide and affect approximately 10% of the population. In school-aged children, the prevalence is as high as 10% to 20%.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • […] caused by types 3,10 and 28 Deep palmoplantar warts are caused by types 1 (most common) followed by types 2,3,4,27, and 57 Cystic warts are caused by type60 Focal epithelial hyperplasia is caused by types 13 and 32 Butcher's warts are caused by type7 Epidemiology[statpearls.com]
  • Volume 2, Chapter 144 provides detailed information on papillomavirus infections to include virology, genetics, epidemiology, pathogenesis, clinical manifestations, diagnosis, and treatment options.) Dobson, JS, Harland, CC..[dermatologyadvisor.com]
Sex distribution
Age distribution


  • Pathophysiology Out of the 100 subtypes of HPV, a few of them have the propensity to induce cancer. These subtypes include HPV strains 6, 11, 16, 18, 31, and 35.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Pathophysiology [ edit ] Common warts have a characteristic appearance under the microscope.[en.wikipedia.org]


  • It did not examine the prevention of spread by affected individuals wearing footwear. 2 There were no studies looking at the effectiveness of simply covering a plantar lesion with an adhesive dressing in the prevention of spread.[adc.bmj.com]
  • “To help prevent a wart or a verruca developing, you should keep your feet dry, and change your socks every day to help prevent warts developing on your feet.[express.co.uk]
  • They may be single or multiple and are involuted as pressure prevents their normal outward expansion.[gpnotebook.co.uk]
  • Causes of verrucas Symptoms and diagnosis of verrucas Prevention of verrucas[news-medical.net]

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