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Vibrio


Presentation

  • We present five patients with vibrio necrotising fasciitis, a lethal and disabling disease.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • V. cholerae has presented us with many surprises in the 1990s.[doi.org]
  • A 53-year-old Japanese man with a mood disorder presented to our hospital with fever and a complaint of an inability to walk. Two sets of blood cultures became positive for V. furnissii.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • This case report describes a 78-year-old Danish man who presented with fever, hypotension and unconsciousness and he developed cardiac arrest. Vibrio metschnikovii was identified in all his blood samples and effective antibiotics were initiated.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • After consuming crabs, a 64-year-old male presented with a three day history of voluminous, non-bloody, water diarrhea.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Exposure to Contaminated Water
  • The pathogenic Vibrio species ( V. cholerae , V. parahaemolyticus , and V. vulnificus ) represent a constant threat to human health, causing foodborne and skin wound infections as a result of ingestion of or exposure to contaminated water and seafood.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
High Fever
  • However, if the patient is ill and has a high fever or an underlying medical condition, oral antibiotic therapy with doxycycline or a quinolone can be initiated.[en.wikipedia.org]
Cat Scratch
  • The patient gave no history of contact with ocean water immediately before or after the cat scratch episode. The patient did apply commercial sea cucumber oil to the wound; we presume this is the cause of the Vibrio alginolyticus wound infection.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Orthostatic Hypotension
  • The severity of the diarrhea caused the patient to have orthostatic hypotension and acute kidney injury, which improved with fluid resuscitation. The diarrhea resolved in 24-hours, and the patient was discharged without medications.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Tremulousness
  • Etymology: L. v. vibro, to set in tremulous motion, move to and fro, vibrate; N.L. masc. n. Vibrio, that which vibrates, the vibrating, darting organism. References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.)[web.archive.org]

Treatment

  • Abstract l-asparaginase is used as a pivotal agent in treatment of lympho proliferative disorders and holds an excessive demand for food processing aids.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The treatment regimen was modified to ceftazidime and doxycycline. The patient recovered without relapse. Despite thorough examinations, portal of entry of V. furnissii remained unclear.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Fatality rates of V. vulnificus rival those of Ebola and bubonic plague, so timely treatment is imperative. Current literature favors surgical debridement with a third-generation cephalosporin plus intravenous doxycycline or fluoroquinolone.[doi.org]
  • We report the first case of Vibrio metschnikovii from a Nordic country and the report shows that even though isolation of Vibrio metschnikovii from human clinical samples is very rare, it still infects humans and may be fatal, despite sufficient treatment[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Prognosis

  • Once a bloodstream infection occurs, the prognosis is grim: About 50 percent of V. vulnificus bloodstream infections are fatal, according to the Florida Department of Health .[livescience.com]
  • What's the prognosis? For the most part, a person who acquires an infection will recover and won’t experience any lasting long-term effects.[newsweek.com]

Etiology

  • A Gram-negative, rod-shaped bacterium, V.cholerae is the etiological agent of cholera, a severe diarrheal disease that occurs most frequently in epidemic form.[uniprot.org]
  • Edited by Stanley Falkow, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, and approved September 11, 1998 (received for review June 15, 1998) Abstract Vibrio cholerae, the etiologic agent of the diarrheal disease cholera, is a Gram-negative bacterium that belongs[doi.org]
  • The best documented example is Vibrio cholerae, the etiological agent of cholera. When exposed to certain conditions, some vibrios become nonculturable without losing their respiratory activity.[doi.org]
  • This perception has had profound effects on all levels of global public health; cholera is now considered to be ineradicable because its etiological agent is ubiquitous in aquatic ecosystems ( 3 , 5 ).[science.sciencemag.org]
  • Vibrio cholerae is the etiological agent of the disease cholera.[elifesciences.org]

Epidemiology

  • The phenotypic, genetic, and epidemiological characteristics, of these new variants have been reviewed, with particular emphasis on the origin, significance and implications of these strains in the epidemiology of cholera. 12.[horizonpress.com]
  • Based on diagnostic results, epidemiological information and the clinical outcome, we conclude that the real aetiological agent was A. veronii biovar sobria, while V. parahaemolyticus was only transient in the intestine of the patient.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • CDC was asked to assist with the environmental and epidemiologic investigation. Investigators learned that both persons had consumed crayfish on June 20, 2010.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Weekly epidemiological record. Weekly epidemiological record 92 , 437–452 (2017). 154. World Health Organization. Weekly epidemiological record. Weekly epidemiological record 92 , 301–320 (2017). 155. Khan, A. I. et al.[nature.com]
  • […] and Atmospheric Studies, Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Sciences, University of Miami , Miami, Florida, USA. 5 Umeå Centre for Global Health Research, Umeå University , Umeå, Sweden. 6 Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • Clinical Information Discusses physiology, pathophysiology, and general clinical aspects, as they relate to a laboratory test Diarrhea may be caused by a number of agents (eg, bacteria, viruses, parasites, and chemicals) and these agents may result in[mayomedicallaboratories.com]
  • .); Mechanisms/pathophysiology (J.D.O. and M.K.W.); Diagnosis, screening and prevention (J.D.O. and F.Q.); Management (J.D.O. and F.Q.); Quality of life (M.A. and C.B.-A.); Outlook (A.A., C.B.-A. and J.M.-U.); Overview of Primer (C.B.-A.).[nature.com]

Prevention

  • Abstract Lactobacillus strains have been considered good candidates as biological control agents for prevention or treatment of plant and animal infections.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Author information 1 Scientific Assessment Section, European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control , Stockholm, Sweden. 2 Instituto de Investigaciones Tecnoloxicas, Universidade de Santiago de Compostela , Santiago, Spain. 3 Physical Oceanography[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Recent surveillance from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention indicates rising annual incidence rates of Vibrio vulnificus infection.[doi.org]
  • Through specific penetration through the damaged cell membrane of dead cells and intercalating into DNA, PMA could prevent DNA amplification of dead bacteria from LAMP, which enabled the differentiation of bacteria between VBNC state and dead state.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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