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Vibrio Infection


Presentation

  • These organisms are found in warm sea waters and are often present in raw oysters, shellfish, and other seafood.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • This paper will present methods of isolation of initial cultures, transport, and isolation of pure cultures as well as biochemical data on each of the isolated species.[vin.com]
  • Clinical data, including skin presentations, treatment course and outcomes, were collected and reviewed.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • In the case presented here, the organism was successfully identified by a commercial automated system, but automated detection systems can be inaccurate in the identification of Vibrio species ( 3 ).[jcm.asm.org]
  • Prognosis varies with the host's underlying comorbidity and the clinical presentation of the infection. Non-cholera Vibrio infections are infections caused by Vibrio species other than V cholerae.[bestpractice.bmj.com]
Fever
  • (see also Viral Hemorrhagic Fever ) Legionellosis (Legionnaire’s disease) Leprosy (Hansen’s Disease) Leptospirosis Listeriosis Lymphogranuloma Venereum (LGV) M Malaria Marburg Virus Hemorrhagic Fever (see also Viral Hemorrhagic Fever ) Melioidosis Measles[sfcdcp.org]
  • The initial symptoms are abdominal pain, nausea, myalgia and fever.[scielo.br]
  • These may include a high fever and chills, low blood pressure, redness, swelling and blisters on the skin. If you get V. vulnificus infection because of contact with an open cut, you may get a severe skin infection.[familydoctor.org]
  • Other symptoms of Vibrio vulnificus infection include; nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea, fever, chills and the formation of blistering skin lesions.[visitflorida.org]
Fishing
  • BACKGROUND: Penetrating injury by fish fins is common and often overlooked. Vibrio spp. are known worldwide for their virulence, quickly causing soft-tissue infection and lethal septicaemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Fishermen in saltwater should carry basic disinfectant (chlorine bleach mixed 1 part bleach to 4 parts fresh water or tincture of iodine or antibiotic ointment) and apply it if the skin is punctured while handling fishing tackle, bait or fish.[louisianasportsman.com]
  • Raw or undercooked oysters or other shell fish from the bay can also carry the bacteria and make those who eat the fish sick.[wtop.com]
  • Lucie, died July 20 from a Vibrio vulnificus infection, two days after he was poked by the fin of a fish he'd just pulled from the lagoon.[eu.tcpalm.com]
Malaise
  • But if patients experience redness or swelling around the wound, or they have chills, sweats and general malaise, they should head to the doctor. “Those are all alarm signals that the infection is severe and needs to be addressed,” says Pic-Aluas.[wtop.com]
Fatigue
  • Necrotic lesions should be debrided and amputation may occasionally become necessary Key Findings Symptoms Abdominal Pain Chills Diarrhea Fatigue Fever Nausea Painful Skin Lesions Vomiting Signs Coma Confusion Hypotension Lymphadenopathy Stupor Swelling[logicalimages.com]
Localized Pain
  • "What we tell people to look for is localized pain," Guarisco said. "If the area around the wound gets hot or stays red. Certainly if you see red streaks going up a limb, get to the doctor right away.[montgomeryadvertiser.com]
Diarrhea
  • If diarrhea is present, close attention to volume repletion and replacement of lost electrolytes are needed.[msdmanuals.com]
  • V. parahaemolyticus, V. mimicus, and V. hollisae usually cause food-borne outbreaks of diarrhea, typically involving inadequately cooked seafood (usually shellfish).[merckmanuals.com]
  • Therefore the following signs and symptoms are present: Nausea Vomiting Abdominal pain or cramps Diarrhea Fever Chills The diarrhea results in profuse watery stool.[healthhype.com]
  • Clinical description An infection of variable severity characterized by diarrhea and vomiting, primary septicemia, or wound infections. Asymptomatic infections may occur, and the organism may cause extra intestinal infections.[floridahealth.gov]
  • V. parahaemolyticus typically causes non-bloody diarrhea. In persons with liver disease, cancer, or another immune-compromising condition, V. vulnificus typically infects the bloodstream, causing a life-threatening illness.[foodsafety.gov]
Abdominal Pain
  • Other symptoms of Vibrio vulnificus infection include; nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea, fever, chills and the formation of blistering skin lesions.[visitflorida.org]
  • If eaten in food, symptoms of the infection include vomiting, diarrhea and abdominal pain. If contracted through a wound, the infection can cause skin breakdown and ulcers.[foodsafetynews.com]
  • Eating raw shellfish – especially oysters – contaminated with Vibrio may cause vomiting, diarrhea and abdominal pain.[msdh.ms.gov]
  • Sources Raw or undercooked shellfish, particularly raw oysters Incubation Period V. vulnificus : 1-7 days V. parahaemolyticus : 2-48 hours Symptoms In healthy individuals: Diarrhea, vomiting, abdominal pain In high-risk individuals: Sudden chills, fever[foodsafety.gov]
Overeating
  • People over the age of 60 and anyone with a weakened immune system are particularly vulnerable to serious infections. Last year 57 cases of vibrio infection were reported, the highest number in a decade.[wtop.com]
  • As ocean temperatures have climbed over the last five decades, both Vibrio population sizes and infection rates have risen in regions the North Atlantic and the North Sea, according to a study published yesterday (August 8) in PNAS .[the-scientist.com]
  • These cases occur almost exclusively in males over the age of 50 years.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • These include Fever and chills Nausea, vomiting and diarrhea Skin blisters Shock Unlock Content Over 75,000 lessons in all major subjects Get access risk-free for 30 days, just create an account. Try it risk-free No obligation, cancel anytime.[study.com]
Nausea
  • Other symptoms of Vibrio vulnificus infection include; nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea, fever, chills and the formation of blistering skin lesions.[visitflorida.org]
  • Symptoms of Vibrio food-borne infection include the normal foodborne illness symptoms of nausea, vomiting and diarrhea but may also include fever, sepsis (infection of the blood), and other severe or life-threatening conditions like shock (rapid onset[epi.publichealth.nc.gov]
  • If you notice any symptoms of fever, nausea or vomiting, diarrhea, or stomach pain after eating shellfish or crabs, or if there is increased swelling, redness, pain, or blistering at the site of a cut or sore, call your health care provider immediately[thebaynet.com]
Food Poisoning
  • (MORE: 6 Scary Diseases You Can Catch While Swimming ) At its mildest, after ingestion, the infection can cause a stomach flu similar to other forms of food poisoning.[weather.com]
  • Otherwise you are likely to get a nasty case of food poisoning. Edited: 5:07 pm, September 30, 2013 Level Contributor 54 posts 87 reviews 69 helpful votes OK!!! Thanks guys, feel better! Two more days!!!!![tripadvisor.com]
  • Synonyms and Keywords wilderness: shellfish poisoning, gastrointestinal; food poisoning ; diarrhea ; abdominal cramps; vomiting; nausea[webmd.com]
  • The symptoms of Vibrio food poisoning include vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal cramps. The bacteria can also cause a skin infection when anyone with an open wound goes into the ocean.[foodpoisoningbulletin.com]
Hypotension
  • Symptoms appeared within a few hours to 3 days after injury, with 50% of patients developing symptoms within 24h; three patients were hypotensive upon admission; one patient received antibiotic therapy only and eight required emergency fasciotomy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Over 50% of the patients with primary septicemia die and the mortality rate exceeds 90% among those who become hypotensive.[ehagroup.com]
  • Diagnostic Pearls Vibrio septicemia is characterized by the abrupt onset of chills, fever, headache, myalgias, vomiting, and diarrhea 24 to 48 hours after ingestion of raw oysters, and sometimes followed by hypotension.[logicalimages.com]
  • Medical therapy consists of: Prompt initiation of effective antibiotic therapy (doxycycline or a quinolone) Intensive medical therapy with aggressive fluid replacement and vasopressors for hypotension and septic shock to correct acid-base and electrolytes[en.wikipedia.org]
Confusion
  • Vibrio food-borne infection include the normal foodborne illness symptoms of nausea, vomiting and diarrhea but may also include fever, sepsis (infection of the blood), and other severe or life-threatening conditions like shock (rapid onset of dizziness, confusion[epi.publichealth.nc.gov]
  • Either type of infection (wound infections or gastrointestinal illness) may be complicated by life-threatening blood stream infections, with fevers and chills, blood-tinged blistering skin lesions, decreased blood pressure, confusion, altered consciousness[conditions.health.qld.gov.au]
  • Necrotic lesions should be debrided and amputation may occasionally become necessary Key Findings Symptoms Abdominal Pain Chills Diarrhea Fatigue Fever Nausea Painful Skin Lesions Vomiting Signs Coma Confusion Hypotension Lymphadenopathy Stupor Swelling[logicalimages.com]
  • We attempted to limit this confusion by excluding patients who had eaten raw seafood, because most patients who develop foodborne Vibrio infection have eaten undercooked or raw seafood [ 26 ].[academic.oup.com]
Headache
  • Diagnostic Pearls Vibrio septicemia is characterized by the abrupt onset of chills, fever, headache, myalgias, vomiting, and diarrhea 24 to 48 hours after ingestion of raw oysters, and sometimes followed by hypotension.[logicalimages.com]

Workup

Decreased Platelet Count
  • platelet count Abdominal pain, nausea and diarrhea In some cases the infection causes swelling in the lymph nodes (called lymphadenitis ).[draxe.com]
Vibrio Vulnificus
  • How common is Vibrio vulnificus infection? Vibrio vulnificus is a rare cause of disease, but it is also underreported.[visitflorida.org]
  • There is no evidence of person-to-person transmission of Vibrio vulnificus.[conditions.health.qld.gov.au]
  • Texans can be exposed to Vibrio vulnificus, a saltwater bacteria that causes 15-30 life-threatening infections each year in the ... more Photo: Shannon Tompkins Vibrio vulnificus is a common bacteria in warm coastal waters, Buck said.[chron.com]
  • Case Report Vibrio vulnificus infection in Southern Brazil - Case report * Infecção por Vibrio vulnificus no sul do Brasil - Relato de caso Sonia Mara Raboni 2 Elise Sanfelice 3 Diego Polido 4 Arthur Gentili 5 Fabricio Marques 5 1 Master's Degree – MD[scielo.br]
Vibrio Parahaemolyticus
  • [Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Vibrio parahaemolyticus. July, 2009. (Accessed July 22, 2013 at )] 2. [Infectious Agents Surveillance Report: Vibrio parahaemolyticus, Japan, 1996-1998 . (Accessed July 24, 2013 at )] 3.[microbewiki.kenyon.edu]
  • For Additional Information CDC: Vibrio parahaemolyticus and Vibrio vulnificus fact sheets[epi.publichealth.nc.gov]
  • Vibrio vulnificus (V. vulnificus) and Vibrio parahaemolyticus (V. parahaemolyticus) are bacteria that occur naturally in warm coastal areas, such as the Gulf of Mexico.[foodsafety.gov]
Erysipelothrix Rhusiopathiae

Treatment

  • Early antibiotic and surgical treatment can avoid potentially life-threatening complications.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The treatment should begin as early as possible, essentially when the patient has symptoms of sepsis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Early recognition and accurate treatment of gastrointestinal infections and infestations before the patient develops complications is important.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • If it starts to get inflamed, get immediate medical treatment." In most cases, treatment with antibiotics will stop the infection. But not always.[infectioncontroltoday.com]

Prognosis

  • The purposes of the present report were to describe a series of patients who had this potentially lethal infection and to identify clinical features associated with a poor prognosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Prognosis varies with the host's underlying comorbidity and the clinical presentation of the infection. Non-cholera Vibrio infections are infections caused by Vibrio species other than V cholerae.[bestpractice.bmj.com]
  • Once a bloodstream infection occurs, the prognosis is grim: About 50 percent of V. vulnificus bloodstream infections are fatal, according to the Florida Department of Health .[livescience.com]
  • What's the prognosis? For the most part, a person who acquires an infection will recover and won’t experience any lasting long-term effects.[newsweek.com]

Etiology

  • […] of diseases in human communities. 2. the field of medicine concerned with the determination of the specific causes of localized outbreaks of infection, such as hepatitis, of toxic disorders, such as lead poisoning, or any other disease of recognized etiology[vdh.virginia.gov]
  • V. cho lerae is the etiologic agent of Asiatic cholera ; V. metschniko vii causes gastroenteritis ; V. parahaemoly ticus causes gastroenteritis due to the consumption of raw or improperly cooked seafood (especially in Japan); and V. vulni ficus causes[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]
  • Clinicians should consider Vibrio species as an etiologic agent in infections occurring in persons with recent seawater exposure, even if the individual was only exposed during recreational marine activities.[academic.oup.com]

Epidemiology

  • Bulletin Archive Contact Us Laurie Forlano, DO, MPH, State Epidemiologist Director, Office of Epidemiology 109 Governor Street, 6th Floor East Richmond, VA 23219 Phone: (804) 864-8141 Fax: (804) 864-8139 Contact Us by Email[vdh.virginia.gov]
  • Results Epidemiological observations . NFVIs accounted for 1210 (25%) of 4754 reported Vibrio species-related illnesses.[academic.oup.com]
  • He has since completed further training in emergency medicine, clinical toxicology, clinical epidemiology and health professional education.[lifeinthefastlane.com]
  • To contact the Epidemiology and Emerging Infections Program, please call 860-509-7994.[ct.gov]
  • Contrary to epidemiologic patterns of Vibrio infections, only sporadic cases were reported among survivors and injured individuals following the tsunami that devastated Thailand, Indonesia, and India in December 2004.[emedicine.medscape.com]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Prevention

  • Skip to primary navigation Skip to content Skip to primary sidebar Skip to footer Disease Prevention and Control, San Francisco Department of Public Health Infectious Diseases A to Z About Contact Home Search this website Communicable Disease 24/7 Disease[sfcdcp.org]
  • Prevention of Vibriosis Vibriosis can be prevented in the maority of cases. People who handle seafood on an occupational basis are at a greater risk and protective wear, such as waterproof gloves, should be madatory.[healthhype.com]
  • How can this infection be prevented? Some tips for preventing noncholera Vibrio infections, particularly among immunocompromised patients, including those with underlying liver disease: Do not eat raw oysters or other raw shellfish.[ct.gov]
  • Prevention Some tips for preventing V. vulnificus infection, particularly among people with impaired immune response or with underlying medical illnesses include: Avoid having the wound coming in contact with seawater or raw seafood.[chp.gov.hk]

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