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Viremia


Presentation

  • These data indicate that beta-lipoprotein may not function as a plasma carrier of HCV, at least in the present case.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The two can be difficult to distinguish on allograft biopsy and can be present simultaneously.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • In this study, we sought to compare the quantified viremia and clinical presentation of patients infected with 1 or more of these viruses.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • At admission (on day 5-7 after illness onset), the patients in fatal cases presented higher initial viral loads in respiratory tract secretions (8.578 2.115 vs 6.263 1.225 Log10 copies/ml, p 0.023).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • A persistent tick-borne encephalitis virus infection in an immune-suppressed patient is presented.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Fever
  • The patient suffered from fever, chills, sweating, headaches, backaches, myalgia, epigastric pains, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and prostration. He was unvaccinated and had been working in areas where cases of jungle yellow fever had been confirmed.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Two patients had persistent, unexplained fever and two patients had skin or mucosal lesions suggestive of HSV/VZV.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Fever, upper respiratory tract symptoms, and evidence of adenoviral infection in the allograft resolved with decreased immunosuppression and treatment with cidofovir and intravenous immunoglobulin.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • A 31-year-old man, who had undergone splenectomy 18 months previously because of hereditary spherocytosis, suddenly became ill, with fever, vomiting, epigastric pain and shock, and died 10 hours after the onset of his symptoms.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Blood was cultured for HSV because of perinatal exposure, for routine surveillance, or for the evaluation of fever, esophagitis, or oral lesions in immunocompromised patients.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Chills
  • The patient suffered from fever, chills, sweating, headaches, backaches, myalgia, epigastric pains, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and prostration. He was unvaccinated and had been working in areas where cases of jungle yellow fever had been confirmed.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Eggs were incubated for six days at 37 C and then chilled overnight at 4 C. The eggs were then opened and the allantoic and amniotic fluids removed separately.[jamanetwork.com]
  • Symptoms : The affected person may have fever, chills, headache, flu like symptoms and skin rashes. Some people may also get diarrhea and constipation problems. In addition some people may get muscle pain, joint pain and stiffness in joints.[diseasespictures.com]
  • In general, viral infections cause the following symptoms: fever headache body aches joint pain diarrhea rash chills fatigue You may not get sick from a viral infection. Sometimes, your immune system can fight it off before you have any symptoms.[healthline.com]
  • Common signs of viral infection and viremia include: fever general exhaustion muscle and joint weakness, pain, and aching a headache dizziness or light-headedness diarrhea , nausea, or vomiting chills runny or congested nose a sore throat a cough poor[medicalnewstoday.com]
Splenectomy
  • The rapid course of the patient's illness emphasizes the serious risk of sepsis for individuals who have had a splenectomy. Anti-influenza immunization in such patients should be considered.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Respiratory Distress
  • Here we report a 2-years-5-months-old girl suffering from respiratory distress and heptitis followed in our intensive care unit.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Nausea
  • The patient suffered from fever, chills, sweating, headaches, backaches, myalgia, epigastric pains, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and prostration. He was unvaccinated and had been working in areas where cases of jungle yellow fever had been confirmed.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • For some people it may cause vomiting and nausea. Tests : Viremia can be tested by taking blood sample examination in the lab when studied under a microscope. It is for the doctor to check the viral load quantity before starting the treatment.[diseasespictures.com]
  • Common signs of viral infection and viremia include: fever general exhaustion muscle and joint weakness, pain, and aching a headache dizziness or light-headedness diarrhea , nausea, or vomiting chills runny or congested nose a sore throat a cough poor[medicalnewstoday.com]
  • […] positive patients, clinical presentation was characterised by symptoms and signs of rash, fever, myalgia, arthralgia and non-purulent conjunctivitis, with only a small proportion reporting gastrointestinal symptoms such as diarrhea, abdominal pain, nausea[bmcinfectdis.biomedcentral.com]
  • 80.0) 81/90 (90.0) 45/50 (90.0) NS Headache 27/34 (79.4) 54/85 (63.5) 34/49 (69.4) NS Arthralgia 21/30 (70.0) 59/85 (69.4) 32/48 (66.7) NS Myalgia 20/31 (64.5) 44/83 (53.0) 28/48 (58.3) NS Retro-orbital pain 13/27 (48.1) 25/66 (37.9) 18/42 (42.9) NS Nausea[academic.oup.com]
Epigastric Pain
  • A 31-year-old man, who had undergone splenectomy 18 months previously because of hereditary spherocytosis, suddenly became ill, with fever, vomiting, epigastric pain and shock, and died 10 hours after the onset of his symptoms.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The patient suffered from fever, chills, sweating, headaches, backaches, myalgia, epigastric pains, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and prostration. He was unvaccinated and had been working in areas where cases of jungle yellow fever had been confirmed.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Myalgia
  • The patient suffered from fever, chills, sweating, headaches, backaches, myalgia, epigastric pains, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and prostration. He was unvaccinated and had been working in areas where cases of jungle yellow fever had been confirmed.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • This was similar to a study of 57 patients with ZIKV disease in Brazil, which also reported rash as the most common symptom, followed by headache, fever, arthralgia and myalgia [ 7 ].[bmcinfectdis.biomedcentral.com]
  • 91.4) 49/87 (56.3) 25/50 (50.0) Conjunctivitis 18/22 (81.8) 13/17 (76.5) 8/11 (72.7) NS History of fever 28/35 (80.0) 81/90 (90.0) 45/50 (90.0) NS Headache 27/34 (79.4) 54/85 (63.5) 34/49 (69.4) NS Arthralgia 21/30 (70.0) 59/85 (69.4) 32/48 (66.7) NS Myalgia[academic.oup.com]
Arthralgia
  • We report the case of a 54-year-old Caucasian woman with chronic arthralgia due to persistent parvovirus B19 viremia. High doses of ascorbic acid treatment were initiated due to the failure of conventional analgesic therapy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • ZIKV generally causes a mild febrile illness, characterised by symptoms of rash, arthralgia, non-purulent conjunctivitis and/or low-grade fever [ 5 ].[bmcinfectdis.biomedcentral.com]
  • 6 8 6 … Symptoms, positive/total (%) b Rash 32/35 (91.4) 49/87 (56.3) 25/50 (50.0) Conjunctivitis 18/22 (81.8) 13/17 (76.5) 8/11 (72.7) NS History of fever 28/35 (80.0) 81/90 (90.0) 45/50 (90.0) NS Headache 27/34 (79.4) 54/85 (63.5) 34/49 (69.4) NS Arthralgia[academic.oup.com]
Microscopic Hematuria
  • Of the 12 patients with BKV reactivation, only one was positive for microscopic hematuria, all others were asymptomatic. A total of nine of 97(9.2%) urine samples and 10 of 96(10.4%) blood samples were positive for BK virus.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Headache
  • The patient suffered from fever, chills, sweating, headaches, backaches, myalgia, epigastric pains, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and prostration. He was unvaccinated and had been working in areas where cases of jungle yellow fever had been confirmed.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Symptoms of Viremia Viral infections such as measles, flu, hemorrhagic fever, or infectious mononucleosis spread in blood and migrates thru out the patient’s body and cause “systemic” symptoms, like: Fever Headache Diarrhea Skin rash Muscle pains Viremia[byebyedoctor.com]
  • Symptoms : The affected person may have fever, chills, headache, flu like symptoms and skin rashes. Some people may also get diarrhea and constipation problems. In addition some people may get muscle pain, joint pain and stiffness in joints.[diseasespictures.com]
  • Common signs of viral infection and viremia include: fever general exhaustion muscle and joint weakness, pain, and aching a headache dizziness or light-headedness diarrhea , nausea, or vomiting chills runny or congested nose a sore throat a cough poor[medicalnewstoday.com]
  • This was similar to a study of 57 patients with ZIKV disease in Brazil, which also reported rash as the most common symptom, followed by headache, fever, arthralgia and myalgia [ 7 ].[bmcinfectdis.biomedcentral.com]

Workup

Creatinine Decreased
  • Repeat biopsy showed overt BK viral nephropathy, and BKV and creatinine decreased only after reduction in immunosuppression and initiation of leflunomide.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Hypercholesterolemia
  • In the present study, we evaluated the changes in HCV viremia in a HCV positive patient with familial hypercholesterolemia, undergoing both selective (DALI System, Fresenius) and non-selective (plasma exchange) LDL apheresis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Complement Fixing Antibody
  • We studied the relationship between the duration and intensity of cytomegalovirus viremia, cytomegalovirus complement fixing antibody, and cytomegalovirus retinitis in 61 renal transplant recipients.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Treatment

  • Thanks to the high efficacy of the new treatment combinations, most HIV treatment guidelines have since 2008 established that the goal of ART is to maintain virological suppression below 50 cop/mL.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Treatment with MMF 1.5 g twice daily for 5 years led to leucopenia and a CD4 count of 299, which resulted in active CMV infection. Treatment with MMF alone may put otherwise immune-competent individuals at risk for opportunistic CMV infection.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • We examined viremia, liver enzymes, interferon-γ (IFN-γ) levels in serum, and toxicity before and three months after treatment.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • This randomized placebo-controlled phase II trial evaluated pre-emptive treatment with BCV for the prevention of adenovirus disease in pediatric and adult allogeneic HCT recipients with asymptomatic adenovirus viremia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • These results demonstrate that IVIG treatment of parvovirus B19-triggered anemia in transplant recipients offers an opportunity to resolve symptoms, but does not guarantee eradication of the virus.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Prognosis

  • The detection of HSV in blood may promote early initiation of antiviral therapy and thereby improve prognosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Outbreak of hepatitis C virus infection in patients with hematologic disorders treated with intravenous immunoglobulins: different prognosis according to immune status. Blood 1997; 90:1309-14. 28.Hitzler WE, Runkel S.[natap.org]
  • Among the numerous serotypes of enterovirus, enterovirus 71 (EV71) infection has especially drawn great attention because of the poor prognosis of severe infection [ 2 , 3 ], possible neurologic sequelae [ 4 – 6 ] and high transmissibility [ 1 , 7 ].[bmcinfectdis.biomedcentral.com]

Etiology

  • Molecular detection of RVs from the upper respiratory tract can be prolonged, complicating etiologic association in persons with severe lower respiratory tract infections.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Two of the TTV PCR-positive patients had FHF of unknown etiology. However, in the remaining 9 patients with FHF of unknown etiology, no TTV viremia was detectable.[bloodjournal.org]
  • Gov't MeSH terms Adolescent Anemia/etiology* Antibodies, Viral/blood Child Child, Preschool DNA, Viral/blood Female Genotype Humans Immunocompromised Host Infant Infant, Newborn Liver Transplantation* Male Parvoviridae Infections/complications* Parvoviridae[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The hepatitis A virus (HAV) is the most common etiological cause of acute hepatitis infections in humans in industrialized countries. Investigations into the viral load during HAV viremia, however, are rare.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • DURING attempts to define the etiology of rubella in naval recruits, adenoviruses were isolated from a considerable proportion of patients with this illness.[nejm.org]

Epidemiology

  • Center, University Hospital of Lausanne (CHUV), Lausanne, Switzerland. 11 Division of Infectious Diseases and Hospital Epidemiology, University Hospital Zurich, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland. 12 Division of Nephrology, University Hospital[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Abstract The authors report the clinical, laboratorial and epidemiological aspects of a human case of jungle yellow fever.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Our findings illustrate the need for accurate, multiplex diagnostics for patient care and epidemiologic surveillance. The Author 2016. Published by Oxford University Press for the Infectious Diseases Society of America.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Busch MP 1 , Sabino EC 2 , Brambilla D 3 , Lopes ME 4 , Capuani L 2 , Chowdhury D 3 , McClure C 3 , Linnen JM 5 , Prince H 6 , Simmons G 1 , Lee TH 7 , Kleinman S 3 , Custer B 1 ; International Component of the NHLBI Recipient Epidemiology and Donor Evaluation[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Funding and Disclosures * From the Section of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine and the Department of Pediatrics, Yale University School of Medicine. Aided by a grant from the National Foundation. We are indebted to Dr.[nejm.org]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • Mondelli, Irene Zorzoli, Antonella Cerino, Agostino Cividini, Morena Bissolati, Laura Segagni, Vittorio Perfetti, Ernesto Anesi, Pietro Garini and Giampaolo Merlini, Clonality and specificity of cryoglobulins associated with HCV: pathophysiological implications[doi.org]
  • Topics discussed include all aspects of patient care including social issues, addiction management, and pathophysiology of the disease.[hepatitis.imedpub.com]

Prevention

  • Pretransplant rituximab may prove useful to prevent primary EBV infection in EBV-seronegative KTRs. 2016 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • OBJECTIVE: Prompt identification of newly HIV-infected persons, particularly those who are most at risk of extended high viremia (EHV), allows important clinical and transmission prevention benefits.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Real-time polymerase chain reaction amplification for influenza A (using a Centers for Disease Control and Prevention protocol) and the 2009 H1N1 influenza (using an in-house protocol) was performed on serial respiratory and serum specimens from both[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • CONCLUSION: Screening asymptomatic SPK recipients for BKV followed by reduction in maintenance immunosuppression appears to be an effective strategy to prevent kidney allograft dysfunction and graft loss due to BK virus nephropathy, without compromising[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Participants In the Netherlands, chronically HBV-infected HCWs performing exposure-prone procedures are notified to the Committee for Prevention of Iatrogenic Hepatitis B.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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