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Weight Loss


Presentation

  • BACKGROUND Celiac disease is a hypersensitivity enteropathy that can have various presentations in adults. Rarely, patients can present with severe lab abnormalities, dehydration and weight loss caused by celiac disease - a celiac crisis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Herein, we report the second case of lone chromophobe RCC (ChRCC) of the renal allograft presenting with weight loss. Loss of weight is a presenting symptom in one-third of ChRCCs occurring in the native kidneys in the general population.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • They can produce liver metastasis and present with symptoms of the carcinoid syndrome. A 78 year old man presented with a history of chronic diarrhea, weight loss and shortness of breath.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The aim of this video is to present a simple technique of en bloc resection. We present the case of a 42-year-old woman with a BMI of 44 kg/m2 who underwent laparoscopic RYGB in 2007.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • CLINICAL PRESENTATION: We report the case of a 56-year-old woman with ADPKD and severe weight loss secondary to a giant hepatic cyst compressing the pylorus.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Intravenous Drugs
  • Women in the NFHL cohort seemed to be particularly vulnerable to inadequate dietary intake, which may be explained by their lower socioeconomic status and the large proportion who were former or current intravenous drug users.[doi.org]
Pleural Effusion
Amenorrhea
  • The rate of induction of ovulation with clomiphene was 95% of 40 patients with 1st grade amenorrhea, while only 3.9% of 54 patients with and grade amenorrhea ovulated following treatment clomiphene.[dl.ndl.go.jp]
Secondary Amenorrhea
  • All patients developed secondary amenorrhea and 80% of 243 patients were young, unmarried women. More than half of the patients had consciously restricted food intake for cosmetic reasons.[dl.ndl.go.jp]

Workup

  • She had a nonrevealing neurology workup and a largely normal rheumatology workup apart from mild elevation in her inflammatory markers. She also had a nonfocal examination apart from a posterior cervical lymph node (2 1 cm).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Patients typically present with diarrhea and weight loss often prompting exhaustive diagnostic workup.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Gastric Fistula
  • There are often a lot of adherences between the gastric pouch and the residual stomach, which makes the dissection difficult and tedious, with the possibility to devascularize the residual stomach and lead to a gastric fistula from this residual stomach[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Microcytic Anemia
  • Her laboratory results were also significant for a profound microcytic anemia requiring inpatient admission for blood transfusion. During her admission, she was seen by the rheumatology, gastroenterology, and oncology subspecialty teams.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Increased Basal Metabolic Rate
  • RESULTS: Treatment produced weight loss, reducing fat mass, visceral fat, lipid and blood glucose profiles while increasing basal metabolic rate.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Pleural Effusion

Treatment

  • […] for drug treatment or bariatric surgery, and by high-challenging weight loss targets.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Subject attrition was about equal across all treatment groups, suggesting all treatments were perceived as active. Citing Literature Number of times cited according to CrossRef: 14 Melvin A. Gravitz and Roger A.[doi.org]
  • All treatment doses were delivered once-daily via subcutaneous injections. Participants and investigators were masked to the assigned study treatment but not the target dose. The primary endpoint was percentage weight loss at week 52.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • BACKGROUND : Obese patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease with pathological pH monitoring result may benefit from surgical treatment which is based on the fundoplication technique in association with laparoscopic gastric plication.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Therefore, adding supervised training to nutritional intervention seems to be a good alternative for the reinforcement of the effect of the treatment.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Prognosis

  • Based on the age of the patient, R.E.N.A.L nephrometry score of the tumor and the lack of data on the prognosis of this histological subtype in a climate of long-term immunosuppression, we elected for radical nephrectomy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Abstract Weight loss after esophagectomy is common and is associated with unfavorable prognosis. However, the clinical features and surgical methods that influence postesophagectomy weight loss are not well characterized.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Patients with advanced COPD are in a state of undernutrition, referred to as pulmonary cachexia; the exercise performance and quality of life (QOL) of these patients are deteriorated, the vital prognosis is unfavorable, and the medico-economic burden[doi.org]
  • Greater weight loss is associated with poorer prognosis. Theories about contributing factors include appetite loss related to reduced activity, additional energy required for breathing, and the difficulty of eating with dyspnea (labored breathing).[en.wikipedia.org]
  • Unintentional weight loss: diagnosis and prognosis. The first prospective follow-up study from a secondary referral centre. J Intern Med 2001 ; 249 (1): 41 -6. 26. Huerta G, Viniegra L. Involuntary weight loss as a clinical problem.[doi.org]

Etiology

  • The etiology of weight loss is discussed for 2 main categories: inadequate nutrient intake and altered metabolism. Finally, studies of interventions to treat HIV-associated weight loss and wasting are discussed.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Ultimately, an outpatient imaging study revealed the etiology.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Infectious etiologies of diarrhea were ruled out. The patient had an EGD which showed erythema of the duodenal bulb. Serum anti-gliadin and anti-TTG IgA were both elevated suggesting Celiac disease.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Table 2 Etiology of weight loss in patients with HIV infection. Table 2 Etiology of weight loss in patients with HIV infection. Abnormalities in Intake Dietary intake.[doi.org]

Epidemiology

  • Epidemiological and laboratory studies have shown that obesity is associated with increased incidence of pancreatic cancer and potentially worse cancer outcome.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Author information 1 HealthPartners Institute, HealthPartners, Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States of America. 2 Division of Health Policy and Management, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States of America. 3 Division of Epidemiology[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Epidemiology of sarcopenia among the elderly in New Mexico. Am J Epidemiol 1998 ; 147 (8): 755 -63. 44. Melton LJ 3rd, Khosla S, Crowson CS, O'Connor MK, O'Fallon WM, Riggs BL. Epidemiology of sarcopenia. J Am Geriatr Soc 2000 ; 48 (6): 625 -30. 45.[doi.org]
  • Chan School of Public Health who specializes in nutrition and cardiovascular disease epidemiology.[cnn.com]
  • The epidemiology of impaired glucose tolerance and hypertension. Am Heart J. 1991 ; 12 : 1268–1273. Google Scholar 11 Whelton PK. Epidemiology of hypertension. Lancet. 1994 ; 344 : 101–106.[doi.org]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Pathophysiology

  • Owing to its pathophysiology, this condition is managed by both medical and surgical specialities. When medical management fails neurosurgeons commonly treat idiopathic intracranial hypertension by permanent cerebrospinal fluid peritoneal shunting.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Despite progress in our understanding of the aetiology and pathophysiology of IWL and PEM, these conditions remain frequent and serious problems in several high-risk populations in both acute and long-term care facilities.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • The roles of adipokines in the pathophysiology of COPD have begun to receive attention recently, and not only their regulatory effects on appetite and nutritional status, but also their influence on systemic inflammation have been increasingly clarified[doi.org]
  • In: Laragh, JH and Brenner, Bm (eds) Hypertension: Pathophysiology, Diagnosis, and Management. II ed. Vol 1. New York: Raven Pr, 1995 : 253–270.[doi.org]
  • Etiology and Pathophysiology/Nutrition Department of Nutrition, Dietetics & Food Science, School of Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia Search for more papers by this author M. J.[doi.org]

Prevention

  • Disease Prevention, National Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland. 7 Diabetes Research Group, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. 8 Dasman Diabetes Institute, Dasman, Kuwait. 9 Department for Prevention & Care of Diabetes,[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • In this article, we aim to review the literature regarding weight loss on prevention of pancreatic cancer.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • INTRODUCTION: African-American women are at increased risk for obesity, and therefore it is important to identify dietary factors that have the potential to prevent weight gain within this population.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Thus, an efficient method to treat obesity and prevent weight regain by appetite rebalance in hypoxia condition was established.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Objective: To update the US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) 2012 recommendation on screening for obesity in adults.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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