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Zinc Chloride Poisoning


Presentation

  • Mason, MD now presents the fifth edition in full color with new images and highlighted clinical elements.[books.google.com]
  • This case report presents a child with a chronically ingested post-1982 penny that was lodged in the esophagus for at least 4 months before a radiograph identified its presence. Fig 1.[pediatrics.aappublications.org]
  • Zinc chloride is corrosive and should not be used when copper fixtures are present. This product is toxic to fishes and aquatic invertebrates. Avoid contaminating water sources with zinc chloride.[bryophytes.science.oregonstate.edu]
  • Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Immediately call a poison center or doctor. P307 P311 :If exposed: Call a poison center or doctor. P391 :Collect spillage. P405 :Store locked up.[tcichemicals.com]
  • Natural Occurrence Zinc is the 24th most abundant element in the Earth’s crust and has been present ever since the planet formed its surface. All life on earth has developed in the presence of zinc.[zinc.org]
Fever
  • Fever. Surface cold, wet, and clammy. Alternations of cold and heat. Complained of cold though skin moderately warm to touch. Forehead bathed in sweat, general surface warm. Cold, clammy sweat.[homeopathycenter.org]
  • CASE REPORT Our 14-month-old patient presented to the emergency department with a 1-day history of a high fever. His mother reported a 48-hour history of coryza and general malaise but denied any significant change in the child’s appetite or diet.[pediatrics.aappublications.org]
  • Symptoms may include: Body pain Burning sensations Convulsions Cough Fever and chills Low blood pressure Metallic taste in mouth No urine output Rash Shock, collapse Shortness of breath Vomiting Watery or bloody diarrhea Yellow eyes or yellow skin Seek[medlineplus.gov]
  • Adverse health effects of exposure to welding fumes and gases include chronic and acute poisoning, metal fume fever, irritation of the respiratory tract, emphysema, pneumoconiosis, and other diseases.[blog.pksafety.com]
  • […] doctor or get medical help right away if you have any of the following signs or symptoms that may be related to a very bad side effect: Signs of an allergic reaction, like rash; hives; itching; red, swollen, blistered, or peeling skin with or without fever[drugs.com]
Gastric Lavage
  • Any zinc remaining in the stomach may be eliminated using gastric lavage, in which a tube is inserted down the throat or a nasal passageway into the stomach. Fluids are then introduced through the tube, and the stomach contents are suctioned.[wisegeek.org]
Pharyngitis
  • Symptoms include: corrosive pharyngeal lesions, vomiting and lethargy. Laboratory findings may include hyperglycaemia, hyperamylasaemia, exocrine pancreatic insufficiency and renal insufficiency.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Pneumonia
  • Consult new chapters covering Ultrasound, Innate Immunity, Adaptive Immunity, Deposition and Clearance, Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia.[books.google.com]
  • Since welders work with highly toxic materials, lockers should be provided so work clothes can be stored separately from personal clothing. 40-50 welders are hospitalized every year with pneumonia caused by welding fumes, and 2 of these welders die.[blog.pksafety.com]
Vomiting
  • Symptoms include: corrosive pharyngeal lesions, vomiting and lethargy. Laboratory findings may include hyperglycaemia, hyperamylasaemia, exocrine pancreatic insufficiency and renal insufficiency.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Diarrhoea: violent, with vomiting and collapse. Stools: thin, dark brown, fetid, coffee-ground, pitchy, olive-green, pale, clayey, dry, crumbling. Constipation. Urinary Organs. Nephritis (H. W., xxxii. 428).[homeopathycenter.org]
  • Patients not experiencing nausea, vomiting, or unconsciousness may drink milk to help line the stomach and flush out the metal.[wisegeek.org]
  • An excessive intake of zinc (usually in those who work with the metal or breathe its fumes) can either cause pneumoconiosis or interfere with the body's use of copper and other trace elements, producing diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, and other signs of intestinal[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]
Vomiting
  • Symptoms include: corrosive pharyngeal lesions, vomiting and lethargy. Laboratory findings may include hyperglycaemia, hyperamylasaemia, exocrine pancreatic insufficiency and renal insufficiency.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Diarrhoea: violent, with vomiting and collapse. Stools: thin, dark brown, fetid, coffee-ground, pitchy, olive-green, pale, clayey, dry, crumbling. Constipation. Urinary Organs. Nephritis (H. W., xxxii. 428).[homeopathycenter.org]
  • Patients not experiencing nausea, vomiting, or unconsciousness may drink milk to help line the stomach and flush out the metal.[wisegeek.org]
  • An excessive intake of zinc (usually in those who work with the metal or breathe its fumes) can either cause pneumoconiosis or interfere with the body's use of copper and other trace elements, producing diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, and other signs of intestinal[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]
Nausea
  • Patients not experiencing nausea, vomiting, or unconsciousness may drink milk to help line the stomach and flush out the metal.[wisegeek.org]
  • An excessive intake of zinc (usually in those who work with the metal or breathe its fumes) can either cause pneumoconiosis or interfere with the body's use of copper and other trace elements, producing diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, and other signs of intestinal[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]
  • Toxicity Symptoms Too much zinc causes stomach cramps, skin irritations, vomiting, nausea and anemia. Very high levels of zinc can damage the pancreas and interfere with protein metabolism. It can cause arterioscleriosis.[heavymetalstest.com]
  • When ingested, can cause intoxication, severe irritation of stomach, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. Health Hazard Exposures to zinc chloride cause adverse health effects and poisoning.[chemicalbook.com]
  • Nausea. Vomiting: distressing, violent, of all food except boiled milk, of shreds of membrane, most offensive, of blood. In stomach: clawing and burning pain. Abdomen. Sever pain in left hypochondrium, worse by food.[homeopathycenter.org]
Abdominal Pain
  • Intense abdominal pain and tenderness. Stool and Anus. Diarrhoea: violent, with vomiting and collapse. Stools: thin, dark brown, fetid, coffee-ground, pitchy, olive-green, pale, clayey, dry, crumbling. Constipation. Urinary Organs. Nephritis (H.[homeopathycenter.org]
  • The symptoms of toxicity include, but are not limited to, burning sensation, coughing, wheezing, laryngitis, shortness of breath, headache, nausea and vomiting, and irritation or corrosion to the gastrointestinal tract with abdominal pain.[chemicalbook.com]
  • Within six hours of ingestion, iron toxicity can result in vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain , seizures, and possibly coma.[healthofchildren.com]
Renal Insufficiency
  • Laboratory findings may include hyperglycaemia, hyperamylasaemia, exocrine pancreatic insufficiency and renal insufficiency.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
Kidney Failure
  • Zinc poisoning can lead liver and kidney failures as well as anemia. Zinc can be a danger to the unborn or new born children. They can be exposed to zinc contamination through the mother.[heavymetalstest.com]
Irritability
  • الصفحة 128 - Irritant: A chemical, which is not corrosive, but which causes a reversible inflammatory effect on living tissue by chemical action at the site of contact.[books.google.com]
  • Health Hazard Solid or water solution is astringent and can irritate the eyes. When ingested, can cause intoxication, severe irritation of stomach, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea.[chemicalbook.com]
  • No natural appetite, had a morbid craving to allay irritation of stomach. Anorexia. Constant thirst, but aversion to swallowing any fluids. Nausea.[homeopathycenter.org]
  • […] excessive intake of zinc (usually in those who work with the metal or breathe its fumes) can either cause pneumoconiosis or interfere with the body's use of copper and other trace elements, producing diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, and other signs of intestinal irritation[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]
  • (ERG, 2016) Health Hazard Solid or water solution is astringent and can irritate the eyes. When ingested, can cause intoxication, severe irritation of stomach, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea.[cameochemicals.noaa.gov]
Lethargy
  • This case report describes an accidental zinc chloride poisoning in a child, with lethargy as the most pronounced clinical sign. Clinical evaluation and chelator therapy are discussed.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]
  • Symptoms include: corrosive pharyngeal lesions, vomiting and lethargy. Laboratory findings may include hyperglycaemia, hyperamylasaemia, exocrine pancreatic insufficiency and renal insufficiency.[journals.lww.com]
Burning Sensation
  • Symptoms may include: Body pain Burning sensations Convulsions Cough Fever and chills Low blood pressure Metallic taste in mouth No urine output Rash Shock, collapse Shortness of breath Vomiting Watery or bloody diarrhea Yellow eyes or yellow skin Seek[medlineplus.gov]
  • The symptoms of toxicity include, but are not limited to, burning sensation, coughing, wheezing, laryngitis, shortness of breath, headache, nausea and vomiting, and irritation or corrosion to the gastrointestinal tract with abdominal pain.[chemicalbook.com]
Neglect
  • Chapter 9 Starvation and Neglect 173 Chapter 10 Death by Electrocution 175 Chapter 11 Deaths Associated with Surgery Anaesthesia and Blood Transfusion 183 Chapter 12 Custody Related Torture andor Death 191 Medicolegal Considerations and Types 197 Chapter[books.google.com]

Workup

Zinc Increased
  • Zinc increases the acidity of waters. Some fish can accumulate zinc in their bodies and can lead to contamination higher up the food chain Toxicity Symptoms of zinc toxicity can occur if more than 2 gm of zinc are ingested.[heavymetalstest.com]

Treatment

  • 335 Chapter 22 Medical Education visàvis Medical Practice 346 Chapter 23 Medical Negligence 361 Chapter 24 Consent to and Refusal of Treatment 370 Medical Social Ethical and Legal Implications 376 Chapter 26 Abortion and Delivery 380 Chapter 27 Impotence[books.google.com]
  • Patients with zinc poisoning may experience dehydration and low blood pressure, requiring treatment with intravenous fluids.[wisegeek.org]
  • Treatment of manganese toxicity involves removal of the patient from the high manganese environment as well as giving him or her lifelong doses of the drug L-dopa. The treatment is only partially successful.[healthofchildren.com]
  • By GRETCHEN REYNOLDS Photo Credit Getty Images You asked How to Stop a Hot Flash Effective treatments are available to stop the discomfort of menopause symptoms.[nytimes.com]
  • ., and in weak solution in the treatment of gonorrhea and conjunctivitis. zinc chloride ZnCl 2, a white granular powder used as an antiseptic.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]

Prognosis

  • Prognosis The prognosis for mineral toxicity due to sodium, potassium, calcium, and phosphate is usually excellent. Toxicity due to the deposit of calcium phosphate crystals is not usually reversible.[healthofchildren.com]

Epidemiology

  • الصفحة 69 - Epidemiology is defined as the study of the distribution and determinants of health-related states or events in specified populations, and the application of this study to control of health problems. ‏[books.google.com]
Sex distribution
Age distribution

Prevention

  • Zinc toxicity may be prevented by not storing food or beverages in zinc containers. In the case of iodine, toxicity can be prevented by avoiding overconsumption of seaweed or kelp.[healthofchildren.com]
  • You should call if you have any questions about poisoning or poison prevention. You can call 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.[medlineplus.gov]
  • Higher concentrations of hepcidin prevent ingested iron from entering the bloodstream by trapping iron in enterocytes which are naturally shed every two days [112], thereby preventing body iron from escalating to dangerous levels.[en.wikipedia.org]
  • This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.[heavymetalstest.com]
  • Zinc can prevent the absorption of copper and iron, and may deplete magnesium stores, so patients may require iron and electrolyte replacement.[wisegeek.org]

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