A randomized comparison of platelet reactivity in patients after treatment with various commercial clopidogrel preparations: the CLO-CLO trial.

2012: GBaeriswyl; SCook; JJGoy; SLehmann; CLehner; MOberhänsli; SPuricel; JCStauffer; MTogni;

Arch Cardiovasc Dis.2012;105(11):587-92.S1875-2136(12)00192-1.10.1016/j.acvd.2012.06.001.

NLM PMID: 23177487

Article abstract

The salt linked to the clopidogrel molecule in generic preparations is suspected to affect its clinical efficacy. There is a lack of information about inhibition of platelet reactivity by generic preparations.
To compare the effect of original clopidogrel (clopidogrel bisulphate [Plavix(®)]), generic clopidogrel preparations (clopidogrel hydrochloride [Clopidogrel-Mepha(®)]; clopidogrel besylate [Clopidogrel Sandoz(®)]) and prasugrel (Efient(®)) on platelet reactivity in patients with coronary artery disease.
Patients with coronary artery disease treated with stents received, in a random sequence, original clopidogrel bisulphate, clopidogrel hydrochloride and clopidogrel besylate. Platelet function was assessed with the Multiplate analyser after an initial loading dose (600 mg) and at day 10 after each treatment period. Prasugrel was given for another 10 days. An adenosine diphosphate (ADP) test value<46 antiaggregation units (U) was defined as therapeutic platelet inhibition.
Sixty patients (mean age 69 ± 10 years; 50 men) were randomized. Original clopidogrel bisulphate, clopidogrel hydrochloride and clopidogrel besylate provided similar inhibition of platelet reactivity with values of 31 ± 25, 33 ± 28 and 28 ± 23 U, respectively (P not significant). Prasugrel provided better inhibition of platelet function (10 ± 11 vs. 31 ± 25 U for clopidogrel bisulphate; P<0.001). An ADP test value>46 U was measured in 11 patients (18%) with clopidogrel bisulphate, 13 (22%) with clopidogrel besylate and 13 (22%) with clopidogrel hydrochloride compared with only one (2%) with prasugrel.
Generic clopidogrel preparations provided similar inhibition of platelet reactivity to original clopidogrel bisulphate, although prasugrel was more efficient.

Research Topics
• Diseases
   Myocardial Ischemia
   Thrombosis

Title and Abstract from MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
Data mined from MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.

Last MEDLINE®/PubMed® update: 1st of December 2015